AAME Board of Reference


Jeffrey J. Barrows

DO, MA (Ethics), President

Dr. Barrows is an obstetrician/gynecologist, author, educator, medical ethicist and speaker. He completed his medical degree at the Des Moines College of Osteopathic Medicine and Surgery in 1978 and his residency training in obstetrics and gynecology at Doctors Hospital in Columbus, Ohio. In 2006, he completed a master’s in bioethics from Trinity International University in Chicago, Illinois.

He has dedicated 15 years of his career to fighting against human trafficking within the intersection of trafficking and healthcare, as well as the rehabilitation of survivors of child sex trafficking. A strong proponent of education, Dr. Barrows has trained healthcare professionals on how to recognize and assist victims of trafficking within healthcare and has published numerous book chapters and articles including “Human Trafficking and the Healthcare Professional” published in the Southern Medical Journal. He has testified to the Ohio legislature on numerous anti-trafficking bills and is a speaker on human trafficking.

In 2008, Dr. Barrows founded Gracehaven, an organization assisting victims of domestic minor sex trafficking in Ohio through outreach, case management and residential rehabilitative care. In 2014, he served as a member of the Technical Working Group on health and human trafficking under the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Administration for Children and Families. He is a founding board member of HEALTrafficking, a united group of survivors and multidisciplinary professionals in 35 countries dedicated to ending human trafficking and supporting its survivors, from a public health perspective.

In 2020, Dr. Barrows published a novel entitled Finding Freedom that realistically portrays child sex trafficking in the U.S.


Nicole Hayes

Executive Vice President

Executive Vice President

Nicole D. Hayes is the Executive Vice President for the American Academy of Medical Ethics.

Nicole is the founder of Voices Against the Grain, a bold counter-culture media and teaching ministry established in May 2013 to help audiences successfully navigate societal issues. Nicole has more than 14 years’ experience as a public relations professional who has provided strategic communications and media relations to elevate educational, health, racial and social justice issues for small business, government and non-profit clients, such as the NAACP, the Office of the Chief of Army Public Affairs and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.  Nicole is a Voices contributor for The Christian Post and a contributing author to the book  The Right to Believe: The New Struggle for Religious Liberty in America. Nicole received her bachelor of arts in broadcast journalism from Washburn University in Topeka, Kansas and her master of public administration from Regent University in Virginia Beach.


Arthur James Dyck


Arthur James Dyck, PhD, graduated with highest honors from Tabor College with a bachelor's degree in sociology. He then earned master's degrees in psychology and philosophy from the University of Kansas before completing his PhD in religious ethics from Harvard University. His thesis was titled, "A Gestalt Analysis of the Moral Data and Certain of Its Implications for Ethical Theory."

Dr. Dyck has enjoyed professorships of social ethics, philosophy and psychology at Harvard, the University of Saskatchewan and the University of Kansas. He has been the Mary B. Saltonstall Professor of Population Ethics at the Harvard School of Public Health since 1969, Co-Director of the Kennedy Interfaculty Program in Medical Ethics at Harvard since 1971 and a member of the Harvard Divinity School faculty since 1965. Author of four books and co-author one, Dr. Dyck is a member of the American Academy of Religion, the American Public Health Association, the Society of Christian Ethics and other organizations. He and his wife Sylvia have twin daughters, Sandra and Cynthia, and they live in Cambridge, Massachusetts.


Matthew Eppinette


Matthew Eppinette, MBA, PhD, is Director of The Center for Bioethics & Human Dignity (CBHD). Dr. Eppinette has a decade and a half of experience in the field of bioethics, including serving CBHD previously, from 2002-2007.

He holds a PhD in Theology with concentrations in Christian Ethics and Theology & Culture from the Center for Advanced Theological Studies at Fuller Theological Seminary in Pasadena, California, where he also earned an MA in Theology. He is a 2004 graduate of the MA Bioethics program at Trinity International University, and he has an MBA with concentrations in Quantitative Analysis and Information Systems from Louisiana Tech University. His undergraduate degree is in Business Management and Administration from Louisiana State University Shreveport.

As an MBA student, Matthew worked on research in the areas of diffusion of innovation and expert systems. He then worked in information technology in the wholesale sporting goods and pharmaceutical industries before returning to graduate school to study bioethics.

In his first tenure at CBHD, he served in a variety of capacities including Director of Research & Analysis and Assistant Director. From CBHD, he joined Americans United for Life as Director of Communications. When he moved to California to attend Fuller, Matthew joined the Center for Bioethics and Culture (CBC) where he served as New Media Manager and Executive Director from 2009-2018.

During his time at the CBC, he co-wrote and co-produced six documentary films addressing bioethics issues. Three of the films were Official Film Festival Selections, and one was awarded Best Documentary at the California Independent Film Festival.

Dr. Eppinette’s current research interests include transhumanism, Alasdair MacIntyre’s ethics and epistemology, and the intersection of fiction, film, and other areas of culture, particularly popular culture, that raise or address bioethics issues.


John F. Kilner


John F. Kilner, PhD, is the President and CEO of The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity in Bannockburn, Illinois. Author of numerous articles in medical, public health, legal, religious and ethics journals, he has written or edited 15 recent books.

His interests have been shaped significantly by extended periods of study and research in inner-city Boston, Kenya and Switzerland. A frequent speaker and seminar leader, he most commonly addresses issues related to healthcare reform and resource allocation, age-based and other forms of rationing, treatment termination, physician-assisted suicide, euthanasia, human cloning, assisted reproduction, genetic intervention, stem cell research, ethical methodology, cultural values and social change.

Before joining The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity, Dr. Kilner was Senior Associate at The Park Ridge Center for the Study of Health, Faith and Ethics, as well as an adjunct faculty member at Northwestern University Medical School, both in Chicago. Prior to his move to the Chicago area, he was an associate professor of social and medical ethics at Asbury Theological Seminary, directed the ethics grand rounds program at the University of Kentucky Medical Center, taught medical ethics as an adjunct professor at the University of Kentucky and served as hospital ethicist for St. Joseph Hospital, Lexington, Kentucky. In addition to directing the Center, Dr. Kilner is Forman Chair of Ethics and Professor of Bioethics and Contemporary Culture at Trinity International University in Deerfield, Illinois.

After completing a BA degree (summa cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa) at Yale University, he earned an MDiv degree (summa cum laude, valedictorian) from Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary. He also holds an AM and a PhD "With Distinction" in religious ethics, with an emphasis in bioethics, from Harvard University. While there, he received the Newcombe, Danforth, Eisenhower, DeKarman, Roothbert, Merit, Howe and Sheldon awards.


Robert Orr


Dr. Orr received his MD, CM, from McGill University in 1966, did residency training in family medicine and then engaged in the private practice of family medicine in Brattleboro, Vermont, for 18 years. He was named Vermont Family Doctor of the Year in 1989. A growing interest and involvement in medical ethics led him to pursue a postdoctoral fellowship at the Center for Clinical Medical Ethics at the University of Chicago (1989-1990). From 1990-2000, he was the Director of Clinical Ethics and Professor of Family Medicine at Loma Linda University in Southern California. He was honored by the AMA in 1999 when they gave him the Isaac Hays & John Bell Award for Leadership in Medical Ethics and Professionalism.

In 2000, he returned to Vermont as Director of Ethics at Fletcher Allen Health Care and the University of Vermont College of Medicine where he continues to provide bedside ethics consultations and teach.

Dr. Orr has co-authored two books, co-edited two others, contributed nine book chapters and written more than 100 articles related to clinical ethics, the ethics consultation process and issues in terminal care. He has lectured on these topics regionally, nationally and internationally. He chaired the Council on Ethical Affairs for the California Medical Association, and was Vice President of the American Society for Bioethics and the Humanities. He has served on the Ethics Commission of the Christian Medical & Dental Associations and served as chairman of that commission from 1991-1994.


C. Ben Mitchell


Ben Mitchell recently retired from more than a decade as the Graves Chair of Moral Philosophy and Special Assistant to the President at Union University in Jackson, Tennessee. For three years he also served as Provost & Vice President for Academic Affairs.

Prior to joining the Union faculty, he taught ethics, including bioethics and contemporary culture, for a decade at Trinity International University/Trinity Evangelical Divinity School in Deerfield, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago, where he was director of the Center for Bioethics & Human Dignity from 2006-2008. He continues to serve there as an affiliate professor of bioethics. He taught at The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary from 1997-1999 and has taught doctoral seminars in bioethics for Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary in Kansas City.

He received his doctorate in philosophy with a concentration in medical ethics (with honors) from the University of Tennessee in Knoxville. His program included a year-long clinical residency at the University of Tennessee Medical Center at Knoxville, Vanderbilt Medical Center in Nashville, and a summer-long residency at the East Tennessee Mental Health Institute. He also received a Master of Divinity Degree from Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary in Fort Worth, Texas and a Bachelor of Science degree from Mississippi State University.

Mitchell has done additional study in genetics for non-scientists at the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratories, Cold Spring Harbor, New York and has twice been visiting scholar at Green College, the medical college of Oxford University.

In 2020, he served on the NIH Human Fetal Tissue Research Ethics Advisory Committee. He has been a consultant with the Center for Genetics & Public Policy at Johns Hopkins University and Co-Director for Biotechnology Policy and Fellow of the Council for Biotechnology Policy in Washington, D.C. He also has served as a Fellow of the Institute for Biotechnology and a Human Future at Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago-Kent School of Law; and as a Fellow of the Center for Policy on Emerging Technologies, Washington, DC. He currently serves as Distinguished Fellow of the Tennessee Center for Bioethics & Culture and a Fellow of the Ethics & Religious Liberty Commission of the Southern Baptist Convention.

He was a member of the Templeton Oxford Summer Symposium on Religion and Science (2003-2005).

In addition to his academic work, Mitchell also consults on matters of public policy and has given testimonies before policymaking groups including the U. S. House of Representatives, the Institutes of Medicine, and the Illinois Senate.  He has published in major news media, including the Washington Post and is interviewed regularly on radio and television, having appeared on National Public Radio, Fox News, MSNBC, and others. He also serves on his local hospital’s ethics committee.

Among other works, he is the author of Ethics and Moral Reasoning (Crossway, 2013) and a co-authored volume, with D. Joy Riley, MD, Christian Bioethics: A Guide for Pastors, Health Care Professionals, and Families (B&H, 2014). He is the former editor of Ethics & Medicine: An International Journal of Bioethics.


John J. Paris


John J. Paris graduated from Boston College with a bachelor's degree in history, then continued at Harvard University where he earned an AM in government/education. He also earned a PhL in philosophy from Weston College, a master's degree in theology from Boston College and a master's and PhD in social ethics from the University of Southern California. He has enjoyed fellowships with Harvard University, Yale University, Princeton University, University of Southern California, University of California, Holy Cross College and Georgetown University.

Paris was a consultant for the President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research in 1982-83 and served on the advisory panel on "Issues in Technology and Aging" for the U.S. Congress Office of Technology Assessment from 1985-87. He was a consultant for the U.S. Senate Committee on Aging from 1986-88, served on the LORAN Commission, Harvard Community Health Plan, 1985-88, and also as a consultant for the Harvard Community Health Plan from 1988-90. Paris has authored approximately 145 publications, participated in 74 court hearings and been involved with 57 legal consultations. He is currently the Michael P. Walsh Professor of Bioethics at Boston College, and Clinical Professor of Family Medicine and Community Health at Tufts University School of Medicine.


Rebecca D. Pentz


Becky Pentz is Professor of Hematology and Oncology in Research Ethics at Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia. She does empirical ethics research on such issues as informed consent, phase 1 research (first use of a drug in humans) and genetic confidentiality, as well as helping researchers with their protocols to make them ethically sound and consulting with researchers to address ethical concerns. In 2000, she moved to Atlanta from Houston where she was the Clinical Ethicist at MD Anderson Cancer Center for a decade. As Clinical Ethicist, she worked closely with patients and families, offering help for those struggling with end of life issues.

Pentz has many national commitments. She is on the St. Jude Data Monitoring Committee as well as several international DSMBs. She is on the Children’s Oncology Group’s ethics committee as well as the Centers for Disease Control IRB.  She often participates in the National Academies of Science Workshops on current issues in research.  Becky’s husband Vic is the retired pastor of Peachtree Presbyterian Church in Atlanta.


Tati Santos


Vice President of Residents, Fellows & Students

Dr. Tatiana Santos was raised in Florida and earned her B.S. from Florida International University. She then went on to complete medical school at the University of Silesia School of Medicine, where she co-founded the 6th Chapter of the Student Government Association. Dr. Santos is currently working on the completion of a Master’s Degree in Healthcare Administration from Purdue University. She has served on the Health Impact Council for the United Way Worldwide and Advisory Board for Best Buddies International. Her interest in medical ethics began in her previous career as a trial paralegal for medical malpractice cases, and from her involvement with the American Medical Association on the ongoing issue of physician-assisted suicide. She has extensive knowledge on end of life decisions from her participation in advance directive preparations at the University of Florida. Dr. Santos is fluent in Portuguese and Spanish.


Daniel P. Sulmasy


Dr. Sulmasy, a Franciscan Friar, holds the Sisters of Charity Chair in Ethics at St. Vincent’s Hospital—Manhattan, and he serves as Professor of Medicine and Director of the Bioethics Institute of New York Medical College. He received his AB and MD degrees from Cornell University and completed his residency, chief residency and post-doctoral fellowship in General Internal Medicine at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. He received his PhD in philosophy from Georgetown University in 1995, where he served as Director of the Center for Clinical Bioethics and Senior Research Scholar of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics.

Dr. Sulmasy is a Fellow of the Hastings Center and member of the Board of Advisors of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. He is the author of a book on spirituality for healthcare professionals, entitled The Healer’s Calling, and is co-editor of the text Methods in Medical Ethics. He serves as editor-in-chief of the journal Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics. His numerous articles have appeared in medical, philosophica, and theological journals, and he has lectured widely both in the U.S. and abroad.


Carol Taylor


Carol Taylor, PhD, RN, FAAN is a senior clinical scholar in the Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown University and a Professor of Medicine and Nursing. Experienced in caring for patients who are chronically and critically ill and their families, Carol chose doctoral work in philosophy with a concentration in bioethics because of a passion to “make health care work” for those who need it.

At Georgetown Carol was a founding member and previous director of the Pellegrino Center for Clinical Bioethics. Her research interests include clinical and professional ethics, and organizational integrity. 

Carol has a PhD in Philosophy with a concentration in bioethics from Georgetown University and a Master's Degree in Medical-Surgical Nursing from Catholic University; She now works closely with health care professionals and leaders who are exploring the ethical dimensions of their practice.  She lectures internationally and writes on various issues in healthcare ethics and serves as an ethics consultant to systems and professional organizations.  She has served as an ethics consultant to Hospice of the Valley, the largest not for profit hospice in the U.S., for over ten years and served on the Bon Secours Health System Corporate Board and Ethics Advisory Board. She was also on the Board of Directors for the American Society of Bioethics and Humanities. She is a co-author of Wolters Kluwer’s Fundamentals of Nursing: The Art and Science of Person-Centered Nursing Care, which is now in its 9th edition and co-editor of Health and Human Flourishing:  Religion, Medicine and Moral Anthropology and the 4th edition of Case Studies in Nursing Ethics.


Gerald Winslow


Gerald Winslow is Professor of Christian Ethics at Loma Linda University. He is also Vice President for Spiritual Life of Loma Linda University Adventist Health Sciences Center.

He received his undergraduate education at Walla Walla College and his master's degree at Andrews University. He earned his doctorate from the Graduate Theological Union in Berkeley. For the last 30 years, he has specialized in teaching and writing about ethics, especially biomedical ethics. His books include Triage and Justice, published by the University of California Press, and Facing Limits from Westview Press. His articles have appeared in academic journals such as the Western Journal of Medicine, the Journal of Pediatrics, The Hastings Center Report, the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, and General Dentistry. He has presented lectures and seminars at universities and for professional groups throughout North America and in Australia and Europe, and he currently serves as an ethics consultant to a variety of organizations, including Blue Shield of California, Roche Pharmaceuticals and Eli Lilly. He is a founding member of the California Technology Assessment Forum, a public forum for the evaluation of new healthcare technologies.

Professor Winslow is married to Dr. Betty Wehtje Winslow, who teaches community health nursing at Loma Linda University. The Winslows have two daughters: Lisa, who is a computer software engineer, and Angela, who is an occupational therapist.

State Directors

Our state directors work to protect the Hippocratic values of Western healthcare across the country.



Steven Willing, MD

Dr. Steven Willing received his medical degree from the Medical College of Georgia, completed an internship in pediatrics from the University of Virginia before undertaking a residency in diagnostic radiology at the Medical College of Georgia, and a fellowship in neuroradiology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Dr. Willing spent 20 years in academic medicine at the University of Louisville,  the University of Alabama at Birmingham and Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI). He also earned an MBA from the University of Alabama at Birmingham in 1997.

During his academic career, Dr. Willing published over 50 papers in the areas of radiology, informatics, and management. His personal blog on science apologetics, The Soggy Spaniel, may be found at swilling.com.



George Stewart, MD

George Stewart, MD, grew up in New England and received a bachelor’s degree in biology from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in New York in 1958. He received his MD from the State University of New York in 1964. He completed his internship in internal medicine at the Virginia Mason Hospital in Seattle, Washington. After spending two years doing viral immunology research and an additional two years working with the Indian Health Service in Bethel, Alaska, he returned to Seattle to complete his internal medicine, pulmonary and critical care training. In 1971, he returned to Alaska and practiced pulmonary and critical care medicine until retiring in 2005. Since retiring from active practice, he has been on seven mission trips with Medical Education International and two other mission trips. 



Allan Sawyer, MD, MS

Dr. Allan Sawyer is a graduate of Oral Roberts School of Medicine. He completed his residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Good Samaritan Regional Medical Center in Phoenix, Arizona. He has won numerous awards chosen by his colleagues in medicine as well as the public and media. After nearly 25 years in private OB/Gyn practice, Dr. Sawyer now devotes himself to teaching, serving and relieving long-term missionaries at hospitals in developing countries. In addition to his medical mission work, he also is a Liberty University School of Divinity student and a member of Samaritan’s Purse’s Disaster Assistance Response Team. In 2016, he was honored by his medical school alma mater, Oral Roberts University, as the Alumnus of the Year in the category of “Going Into Every Person’s World.”



David H. Beyda, MD

David H. Beyda, MD, is the Chair and Professor in the Department of Bioethics and Medical Humanism at the University of Arizona College of Medicine – Phoenix. He is an accomplished Master Educator and critical care physician with more than 40 years of experience practicing pediatric critical care bedside ethics. He teaches the ethics curriculum throughout the four years of medical education and engages in medical humanism through the lenses of medical ethics at the bedside, stressing “who” the patient (personhood) is while addressing “what” the patient (disease) is. He has written two books: Covenant Medicine: Being Present when Present and Border Crossings: It’s not what we bring, but what we leave behind.” He is a member of the CMDA Ethics Committee.



David E. Smith, MD

David Smith, MD is a hospice & palliative medicine specialist in Little Rock, AR and has been practicing for 43 years. He graduated from University Of Missouri—Columbia School of Medicine and specializes in hospice & palliative medicine and cardiology. He was awarded the Fay Boozman Award, given annually to a physician who has demonstrated excellence in Christian faith and personal life, integration of faith into the practice of medicine, and commitment to community service and public health. He was a founder of Heart Clinic Arkansas and served as a cardiologist for 35 years. In 2012 he became director of supportive medicine at Baptist Health-Little Rock where he serves as chairman of the medical ethics committee. He is one of the founders of the Haiti Christian Development Project and has worked on short-term and development projects there since 1985. After completing a master’s in bioethics, he has taught molecular biology, biochemistry and pre-med students at Harding each fall since 2000. He serves on Harding’s Missions Advisory Council and has helped develop a third-world village for training missionaries at Camp Tahkodah.



J. Grady Crosland, MD

Dr. J. Grady Crosland is an anesthesiologist at Arkansas Children’s Hospital and is an Assistant Professor at the University of Arkansas College of Medicine. He serves on the Bioethics Committee at Arkansas Children’s Hospital. Dr. Crosland has received numerous honors and awards including Arkansas’ Best Doctor in Anesthesiology from the Arkansas Times multiple years, Best Doctors in the United States, Central Region and Golden Apple Award for recognition for Excellence in Resident Education.



James Grisolia, MD

James Santiago Grisolia is an adult neurologist in solo practice in San Diego, California. He teaches internal medicine residents and medical students at Scripps Mercy Hospital, where he participates in the acute stroke code rotation. A former Trustee of the California Medical Association, he remains actively involved in his local medical society where he edits the San Diego Physician magazine. Fluent in Spanish, he and his wife Carla have done healthcare mission work in Mexico and in Nigeria.



James M. Small, MD, PhD

James M. Small, MD, PhD graduated from Colorado College, Summa cum Laude and Duke Medical School in Microbiology and Immunology. Completed a Pathology Residency at the University of Utah. He is Board certified in Anatomic and Clinical Pathology and in Medical Microbiology. He works at a large teaching hospital in Denver and is the medical director for Microbiology and Chemistry labs. He has served as the Chair of the Public and Patient Relations Committee for the College of American Pathologists.



Jack Pike, PA-C, DFAAPA

Jack Pike, PA-C, DFAAPA, has been a physician assistant for over 40 years, having been raised and trained in Illinois.  He moved to Connecticut in 1984. He has been a surgical PA for most of those years but now works in occupational medicine in Hartford. He is an adjunct clinical assistant professor in the PA program at Quinnipiac University. Jack is a member and Distinguished Fellow of the American Academy of Physician Assistants and has served in various leadership capacities.   He has been involved in medical mission work for many years with his church and other groups, serving in India, Africa, Moldova, Jordan, Greece and Dominican Republic. He is involved with the opposition to physician assisted suicide in Connecticut, testifying before the public health committee, and educating the public through churches about PAS.  His blog can be found at http://jackpikepasblog.blogspot.com  



Michael D. Johnson, MD, FACS

Michael D. Johnson, MD, FACS, completed his undergraduate studies at Lawrence University in Appleton, Wisconsin, and then he received his medical degree from University of Michigan. He met his wife while studying in Ann Arbor. They then moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where he completed a residency in general surgery from 1979 to 1984. In 1984, they went on their first mission trip to Zaire. After returning to the U.S., they opened a private practice in general surgery. Three years later, they traveled to Kenya where the Lord called them to long-term missions in that nation. For the next 23 years, they worked full-time in Kenya and short-term in several other African nations, including Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda and Tanzania. In addition, they led short-term trips to Haiti and mission exploratory teams to Honduras and El Salvador. Since returning to Philadelphia in 2010, they began the Miriam Medical Clinics offering hope and healing to the city’s underserved. Dr. Johnson is a board certified general surgeon with the American Board of Surgery, as well as a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons.


District of Columbia

Allen Roberts, MD

Dr. Allen Roberts is originally from Alexandria, VA. He took his B.A. from the University of Virginia in 1977 and his M.D. from George Washington University in 1983. He completed his M.Div. at Reformed Theological Seminary in 2013, and will complete a Masters in Bioethics through Trinity International University later this year. In 2003 he retired from the US Navy Medical Corps, after a 20-year career in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care, during which time he served as White House Physician under President George H.W. Bush. For the past 16 years he has practiced Critical Care Medicine at Georgetown University Hospital, where he now serves as the Associate Medical Director for the hospital, and Chair of the Clinical Ethics Committee. He is the State Director for DC for the American Academy of Medical Ethics.



Thomas B. Benton, MD, MPH

Dr. Benton graduated from the University of Florida in 1985 and completed his residency at Baylor College of Medicine (Houston, Texas) in 1988. He has been in private practice in Gainesville, Florida ever since. Dr. Benton is also an Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor at the University of Florida. Along with Drs. Boccarossa, Trumbull and Zanga, he was a co-founder of the American College of Pediatricians. Dr. Benton has served his local community in ways that include: participation in the local Safe Kids organization, serving on the board of the local YMCA, serving on the board of the local Crisis Pregnancy Center and serving as a member of the Emergency Medical Service Citizens Advisory Board. Dr. Benton has been on medical mission trips to the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Haiti and Nicaragua.



Felipe Vizcarrondo MD

Dr. Vizcarrondo attended Temple University Medical School, Philadelphia, PA. He completed a residency in Pediatrics and subspecialty training in Pediatric Cardiology. He subsequently completed a masters’ program in Bioethics. He held academic appointments at several university medical schools and is currently Associate Professor (voluntary), University of Miami Miller School of Medicine and member of the UM Ethics Programs. Dr. Vizcarrondo is the president of the Miami Guild of the Catholic Medical Association. He has written on a variety of topics ranging from freedom of conscience of healthcare workers, the doctor patient relationship and euthanasia in Pediatrics.



Michael G. Anderson, MD

Michael G. Anderson, MD, FAAP, ESQ is an Associate Clinical Professor of Pediatrics. He is a Board Certified Diplomat of the American Board of Pediatrics and a Fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics. Dr. Anderson founded the Children's Pediatric Center and modeled it after the children's care from one of the Nation's top five children's specialty hospitals. Dr. Anderson's research on medical ethics is included in the Michigan's research symposium, and published in National Pediatric Journals. In addition to being a pediatrician he received his Juris Doctor from Northwestern University School of Law and has served in the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh District.



Craig Nakatsuka, MD

Craig Nakatsuka, MD, is a general interist specializing in long-term care, hospice and palliative care. He received his undergraduate from Wheaton Collge in Wheaton, Illinois in 1975. He graduated in 1979 from John A. Burns School of Medicine at the University of Hawaii. He did his internship and residency at St. Mary's Medical Center in Long Beach, California from 1979 to 1982.



David L. Miller, DO

David L. Miller, DO



Robert E. Cranston, MD, MA (Ethics) MSHM, FAAN, CPE

Robert E. Cranston, MD, MA (Ethics), MSHA, FAAN, CPE, ICF-Associate Certified Coach, is a board-certified neurologist, with additional training and experience in palliative medicine, executive coaching, and medical leadership. He has served on the Carle Foundation Hospital Ethics Committee for 25 years, recently stepping down after 14 years as the chair of the committee. He is a clinical associate professor of Medicine (Neurology) at University of Illinois College of Medicine, Urbana-Champaign, and Carle Illinois College of Medicine (Urbana-Champaign). He is the Illinois State Director for the American Academy of Medical Ethics.



Benjamin German, MD

Benjamin German, MD was born and raised in Kentucky. He graduated from Cedarville University in Ohio with a B.A. before completing medical school at the University of Louisville School of Medicine. He is currently a resident in Internal Medicine at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago. He is planning to pursue a fellowship upon completion of his residency.



Agnes Schrader, MD

Agnes J Schrader, MD, was primarily raised in Ohio and attended Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine. After graduation, she trained in Internal Medicine at Geisinger Clinic in Pennsylvania. Specialty training in Nephrology/HTN was completed at Cleveland Clinic, following which she did a second fellowship at University of Chicago in Medical management of high risk pregnancies. After working a few years at University of Cincinnati, she decided to enter private practice in Indiana and has been there for over 20 years.



David Donaldson, MD

David Donaldson, MD graduated from the University of Kentucky in 1988 and from the University of Kentucky College of Medicine in 1992. He completed an Internship at St. Vincents Hospital in Indianapolis from 1992-1993 and an anesthesia residency at the University of Louisville in 1996. He is Board Certified in Anesthesiology. He practiced for five years in Pensacola, Florida at Sacred Heart Hospital before moving to Indiana. He has worked at Parkview Hospital in Fort Wayne, Indiana since 2001. He and his family have participated in mission trips to Africa.






Stacy L Peterson, M.D.

Stacy L Peterson, M.D. is a board certified plastic surgeon in private practice in Wichita, Ks.  He received his BS in biology from Southern Methodist University and a medical degree from the University of Kansas School of Medicine.  Dr. Peterson then completed a five year general surgery residency at the University of Kansas – Wichita followed by a plastic surgery residency at the University of Kansas – Kansas City.  Currently,  Dr. Peterson is an Assistant Clinical Professor of Surgery at the University of Kansas-Wichita and is the Kansas State Representative for the Christian Medical and Dental Association.



Lisa M. Gilbert, MD, FAAFP

Lisa Gilbert, MD, FAAFP is a board certified family medicine physician and core faculty at Ascension Via Christi Family Medicine Residency Program, affiliated with the University of Kansas. She grew up overseas, but attended medical school at UT Southwestern in Dallas and residency in family medicine in Wichita. She completed a 1 year Fellowship in International Family Medicine, including 5 months in Niger, and obtained the Certificate of Knowledge in Tropical Medicine and Traveler's Health (CTropMed) from the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH). She has subsequently volunteered short-term with Partners in Health during the Ebola crisis in Liberia, as well as in Cameroon, Niger and Egypt. She worked in full-spectrum family medicine in rural Kansas for almost 3 years before returning to her alma mater to pursue academic medicine, and is a regular volunteer at a student-run clinic for the homeless. She also serves as Chair of the Ethics Integration Committee at Ascension Via Christi.



Steven A. House, MD

Steven A. House, MD, HMDC, FAAFP, FAAHPM, received a B.S. in biology from Furman University, and he is an AOA member and 1995 graduate of Mercer University School of Medicine. He completed his residency in Family Medicine at The Medical Center of Central Georgia (now Navicent Health) in 1998. He is board certified in Family Medicine and Hospice and Palliative Medicine, and he is a certified Hospice Medical Director (2014). Dr. House has worked in medical education and graduate medical education (GME) since 2001, teaching medical and osteopathic students, Family Medicine residents, and Geriatrics fellows. He assisted in the development of a large palliative medicine consultation service in 2004 and the first ACGME-accredited Palliative Medicine fellowship in GA in 2009. He relocated from Georgia to Kentucky in 2010 where he continues to pursue his passions for medical education / GME, end-of-life care, and advance care planning.



Ted Brown, DO, MPH, MS, FAAFP

Ted Brown, DO, MPH, MS, FAAFP, earned his BS from the United States Military Academy (West Point) in 1996, his DO from the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine in 2000 and his MPH from Johns Hopkins (2007). A colonel in the U.S. Army, he is board certified in family medicine, general preventive medicine /public health and occupational and environmental medicine. Dr. Brown is a Fellow of the American Academy of Family Physicians. He and his family have enjoyed numerous assignments in seven states as well as Germany, serving soldiers, families and retirees. In addition to a combat tour in Afghanistan, his military service has included travel to 21 countries to include public health work in the Republic of Georgia, Lebanon, Afghanistan and Iraq. He is currently assigned to Fort Knox in a non-clinical role, managing leader development and assignments for senior army medical officers. His personal interest is advocating for, and protecting, the right of conscience in healthcare.



Amy Givler, MD

Amy Givler is a family physician in Monroe, Louisiana. She graduated from Wellesley College and Georgetown University School of Medicine and completed her family medicine residency at Ochsner LSU Hospital Monroe, an indigent-care hospital where she now works as a Clinical Assistant Professor of Family Medicine and Comprehensive Care. She also works at an urgent-care clinic and is a volunteer doctor for SHIP trips to western Kenya. She is the author of Hope in the Face of Cancer: A Survival Guide for the Journey You Did Not Choose.



 Frederick J. White, MD, FACC, FCCP

Dr. White specializes in General Cardiology. Dr. White went to the Louisiana State University School of Medicine, Shreveport and completed his post-doctoral residency training at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences. He completed a Fellowship at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee. He is a Fellow of the American College of Cardiology and the American College of Chest Physicians. He is a past president of the Shreveport Medical Society and current Healthcare Ethics Consultant—Certified (HCEC-C) by the HCEC Certification Commission of the American Society of Bioethics and Humanities. Articles Dr. White has authored can be found at this link.



Denae Kershner, DO

Dr. Kershner, DO is a practicing Family Practitioner in Bangor, Maine. Dr. Kershner graduated from the University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine in 2012. She completed a residency at Eastern Maine Medical Center.



Sandy Christiansen, MD, FACOG

Sandy Christiansen, MD, FACOG is a board-certified obstetrician/gynecologist and a Fellow of the American College of Obstetricians & Gynecologists. She earned a B.S. in Microbiology and graduate degree in pathology from the University of Maryland. In 1986, Dr. Christiansen completed medical school at the Medical College of Pennsylvania. In 1990, she completed residency training in obstetrics & gynecology at the Hospital of the Medical College of Pennsylvania and entered private practice and served as attending physician at several teaching hospitals in Philadelphia. A complicated twin pregnancy led Dr. Christiansen and her husband to move back to her home state of Maryland. For the past 12 years, she has devoted her time to being an advocate for life-from conception to natural death, and to the practice of Hippocratic medicine. She is the medical director and staff physician for a nonprofit free clinic providing medical services, education, and emotional and spiritual support for women and men faced with an unplanned pregnancy. In addition, she serves as the National Medical Director for Care Net, a nonprofit Christian organization that promotes, prepares and partners with their network of more than 1,100 pregnancy centers to offer life-affirming alternatives to abortion. She is a member of the American Association of Pro-life Obstetricians & Gynecologists. Dr. Christiansen is privileged to be a voice for the voiceless, writing, educating, and providing testimony to a variety of forums including the United Nations, the President’s Council on Bioethics, legislative bodies, and commentary to numerous national media outlets.



Mark J. Rollo, MD

Dr Mark J Rollo is a Family Physician. He has been in practice for more than 30 years, the majority of which has been in Fitchburg, MA. His oldest patients are over 100 years old and his youngest patients are in utero. Dr Rollo received his medical degree from Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine, Chicago, IL in 1984. He has also received a Master’s degree in Social Work from Boston College in 1976 and a Master’s degree in Education from The University of Massachusetts in 1973. He received his Bachelor’s degree from The College of the Holy Cross in 1972. He served in the United States Air Force as a physician from 1984 to 1994. He has served as a faculty member of the University of Massachusetts Family Medicine Residency Program and is currently a staff physician with Reliant Medical Group, a multi-specialty group in central Massachusetts. Dr Rollo has often addressed the importance of protecting life in all stages from conception to natural death.



James Hines, MD

Dr. James Hines was born in Warsaw, Indiana and received his Bachelor of Arts degree in Chemistry and Biology from Indiana University in Bloomington, IN. He received his MD from Indiana University School of Medicine in Indianapolis in 1980 and completed three years of Family Medicine Residency in Ft. Wayne, IN. Jim entered the OB-Gyn Residency program in Saginaw, Michigan after completing a course in tropic medicine in Antwerp, Belgium and spending two years in the Central African Republic as a missionary. In 1991, he established the Obstetrics Department at St. Luke’s Hospital (now, part of Covenant HealthCare) in Saginaw, Michigan. He and his family spent two addition years in the Central African Republic before relocating to Saginaw, Michigan where he has practiced OB/Gyn since 1994. He is respected as an excellent surgeon, having gained expertise in pelvic reconstruction and robotic surgery. He also is certified in dexitometry and ultrasonography. He is board certified in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Family Medicine, Clinical Densitometry and Diagnostic medial Sonographers. He is currently the Chief of Staff at the Aleda E. Lutz VA Medical Center which serves over 37,000 Veterans in 35 Counties. He has also served as the Incident Commander for the COVID-19 Pandemic.



Matt Viel, MD, FAAFP, MA

Matt Viel, MD, FAAFP, MA (Biomedical and Clinical Ethics) specialized in rural clinics.  Despite having been born with what was at that time diagnosed to be a lethal and irreparable heart problem, he grew up in Kalamazoo, Michigan.  He earned bachelors’ degrees of science and of arts from Calvin College.  He went on to pioneer the combined MD, MA (ethics) program at Loma Linda University School of Medicine and Graduate Schools.  He completed his internship and residency in Sioux Falls, SD, earning awards in geriatrics, teaching, and sports medicine.  He started and/or revived clinics in southwest MN and then in southwest MI, mainly in rural areas, for nearly 15 years.  He loved providing full-scope family practice, overseeing the development of a rural trauma center, directing an ER/ICU, a volunteer EMT program, and co-directing a nursing home and a drug rehab program.  In 2019, complications from his heart problems forced him out of practice and he remains on long-term medical disability.  He still enjoys volunteering his keen analytical, diagnostic, and people skills whenever his health allows.  He is passionate about Hippocratic medicine, the people of the United States of America, and the timeless principles upon which healthcare and America were founded.



Paul Post, MD

Paul Post, MD went to medical school at the University of Minnesota, graduating in 1978. He completed his residency in Family Medicine at the University of Minnesota Associated Hospitals in 1981. He then moved with his family to the Chisago Lakes area north of St. Paul and practiced family medicine for 37 years. He retired in 2019 but has kept busy serving as Medical Director for two local crisis pregnancy centers, serving on the board for Minnesota Adult and Teen Challenge, and leading Bible studies at Union Gospel Mission, as well as serving in his local church.



Samuel D. Hensley, MD

Samuel D. Hensley, MD, is the Medical Director of the Laboratory for GI Associates in Jackson, Mississippi, an Assistant Clinical Professor at the University of Mississippi School of Medicine and is on the faculty of the University of Mississippi Center for Bioethics and Medical Humanities. Dr. Hensley also serves on the Advisory Board for the Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity at Trinity University. He received his M.D. from West Virginia University and a M.A. in Bioethics summa cum laude from Trinity International University. He completed a residency in Anatomic and Clinical Pathology at Wilford Hall USAF Medical Center in San Antonio and a fellowship in Neuropathology at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology and National Institutes of Health in Washington, D.C. He is a diplomat of the American Board of Pathology in Anatomic Pathology, Clinical Pathology, and Neuropathology.



L. Mark Johnson, MD

L. Mark Johnson, MD, attended the University of Virginia from 1972 to 1980. Following medical school, he completed a residency in family practice at Riverside Hospital in Newport News, Virginia. After graduating the residency, he then worked in the Federal Government for 33 years. In addition to his MD degree, he also earned an MPH/TM degree from Tulane. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Family Physicians (FAAFP), and a Fellow of the American College of Preventive Medicine (FACPM). 



Carley Robertson, MD

Dr. Robertson is a Montana native, graduated from the University of Washington School of Medicine (Montana WWAMI) in 1982. She did two years of General Surgery training at the University of Colorado from 1982-1984 and has since been in General Practice in rural north central Montana. She has been interested in the work of rural EMTs and emergency care since becoming an EMT in Montana during the 1970’s. Austere environments (detention facilities, missions, orphanages, under trees) and international medicine (Australia, Angola, Brazil, Nepal, Tanzania) are of importance in her medical endeavors. Teaching medical concepts to non-medical persons has been a specific focus (diabetes for educators; medical care for detention facility staff). Dr. Robertson is a Trustee of the Montana Medical Association.



David Roberts, MD

Dr. David B. Roberts is an obstetrician/gynecologist in Billings, Montana. He graduated from the University of Louisville School of Medicine Medical School. He completed an internship from Wright – Patterson Medical Center and residency at the Medical University of South Carolina.



Dale E. Michels, MD

Dr. Dale Michels is a board-certified family physician retired after practicing in Lincoln, Nebraska for 44 years. He received his medical degree from University of Nebraska College of Medicine. He helped found Lincoln Family Medical Group in 1974 after graduating from the University of Nebraska Medical Center and interning at Bryan Hospital. He has been active in multiple medical and community organizations. He holds the record for being currently the longest practicing family physician in the community.



Kirk Bronander, MD, FACP

Kirk Bronander, MD, FACP, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Internal Medicine at the University of Nevada School of Medicine (UNSOM). Dr. Bronander received his BS in exercise science at The University of Arizona in 1994 and his MD from The University of Arizona in 1998. He completed residency in internal medicine at the University of Nevada School of Medicine in 2001. He has been a faculty hospital physician (hospitalist) since that time. He is the Clerkship Director for Internal Medicine, directs the Clinical Reasoning in Medicine course and is the Medical Director of Simulation for UNSOM. 


New Hampshire

Richard E. Johnson, MD, FACS

Richard E. Johnson, MD, FACS, received his undergraduate degree from Wheaton College in Illinois and his medical degree from the University of Colorado School of Medicine. He spent two years as a physician with the USAF in Turkey. After completion of a surgical residency at Dartmouth-Hitchcock, he was employed as a staff surgeon at the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Nashua division for more than 30 years. He has served on the New Hampshire Medical Malpractice Screening Panel and has done short-term medical trips to Central America and Africa. He is a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons and a member of the New England Surgical Society and the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons.


New Mexico

Greg Schmedes, MD

Gregg Schmedes, M.D. is an otolaryngologist on faculty at the University of New Mexico. After completion of residency at the Medical University of South Carolina, he spent 2 years teaching with the Pan-African Academy of Christian Surgeons at Mbingo Baptist Hospital in Cameroon. He earned his undergraduate degree in electrical engineering at the University of Texas-Austin and attended medical school at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center.


New York

David H. Kim, MD, and Janet Y. Kim, MD, MA, MPH, MA (Ethics)

Drs. David and Janet Kim are both internal medicine/pediatrics physicians working together at Beacon Christian Community Health Center, a nonprofit, federally qualified community health center they helped launch in Staten Island, New York. David founded Beacon and has been the chief executive officer its inception in 2006.  Dr. Janet Kim graduated from the New York Medical College in 2002 and completed a residency at Staten Island University Hospital. She joined Beacon as a staff physician in 2006 and serves as the chief medical officer. They are both involved with student and resident mentoring and teaching.


New York

Sally White, MD

Dr. Sally White, M.D.C.M., earned a B.A in Philosophy from LeMoyne College, an M.S. in Adult Education from Syracuse University, C.A.S. in Gerontology at University of Southern California prior to her medical degree from McGill University. She lives in her childhood home on the family farm in Northern New York. Dr. White has always worked with marginalized people - at St. Lawrence Psychiatric Center, SUNY Plattsburgh Alzheimer Center, St. Joseph’s Rehabilitation Center, in her private psychogeriatric practice, as Medical Director first of Franklin County Department of Social Services and, currently, St. Lawrence Addiction Treatment Center. Her ongoing activities in adult education at this time focus on Narcan training of addicted people, their families, caregivers and community members who might encounter someone in need of intervention.


North Carolina

Steven Klein, MD

Steven Klein, MD, is a cardiac electrophysiologist in Greensboro, North Carolina. He graduated from Harvard College in 1979 and Harvard Medical School in 1983. He completed a medicine and pediatrics residency at the University of North Carolina and fellowship training in cardiology and electrophysiology at Barnes Hospital, Washington University in St. Louis. He is a Fellow of the American College of Cardiology. He has been involved with medical missions, most recently serving with Medical Education International in the Balkans. He has been intentionally engaged in Greensboro in conversations of racial reconciliation for more than 15 years. He is working on a master’s program in bioethics.



Dennis M. Sullivan, MD, MA (Ethics)

Dr. Dennis Sullivan is a professor of pharmacy practice at Cedarville University, Cedarville, Ohio, where he has taught human biology and bioethics, now focusing primarily on pharmacy ethics and pharmacy law. After undergraduate training in chemistry, Dr. Sullivan received his M.D. in 1978 from Case Western Reserve University, then completed five years of training in general surgery. He then served for two years of active duty in the U.S. Army at Fort Campbell, Kentucky.

He has been a full professor at Cedarville since 2003. In 2004, Dr. Sullivan completed his M.A. in bioethics from Trinity Graduate School. He developed the Center for Bioethics in 2006, which he now continues to direct. He has authored numerous articles in peer-reviewed journals, especially in the area of human personhood and clinical ethics. He has volunteered at a local women’s center and is a frequent speaker on bioethics issues in churches, bioethics forums, universities, and medical schools. He acts as an academic advisor to four area hospital ethics committees. He has often testified before the Ohio legislature.



Matthew D. Chetta, MD, FACS

Dr. Chetta is a board certified Plastic & Reconstructive Surgeon at the Ohio State University. He received his B.S. in Biology from Pensacola Christian College and his medical degree from the Medical College of Georgia. Having seen first-hand the healthcare disparities particularly in the arena of global surgery, he became interested in reconstructive surgery. He received his plastic surgery residency training at the University of Michigan and subspecialty fellowship training in reconstructive microsurgery at Stanford University. He has remained active in global surgery studying various educational implications as well as participating as visiting faculty and establishing training courses at several international training sites. He is currently pursuing advanced training in Bioethics from the Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity at Trinity University.



Cheyn Onarecker, MD, MA (Ethics)

Dr. Onarecker is the Program Director of St. Anthony Family Medicine Residency in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.   After graduating from medical school at Oral Roberts University, he completed a family medicine residency at Carswell Air Force Base and a fellowship in academic medicine in Waco, Texas.  In 1991, he and two colleagues started St. Anthony Family Medicine Residency, where he continues the mission “to develop competent and compassionate family physicians who reveal the healing presence of God through exceptional healthcare and Christlike character.”  Dr. Onarecker obtained an MA (Bioethics) from Trinity International University and  teaches clinical ethics in the Trinity master’s degree program.  As a member of his hospital Ethics Committee, Dr. Onarecker develops and reviews hospital policies and performs ethics consultations.  



Brick Lantz, MD

Dr. Brick Lantz graduated from Stanford University with a degree in Human Biology in 1981, he followed that with medical school at the University of Oklahoma and orthopedic residency at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences. After residency, Dr. Lantz pursued two sports medicine fellowships -- the 1st at the Orthopedic & Fracture clinic with Slocum Center for Orthopedics and Sports Medicine in 1989 and a 2nd at the Australia Institute of Musculoskeletal Research, where he trained under one of the world's most foremost experts, Drs. Merv Cross & Leo Pinzceski. Locally, Lantz has been the Board President of the Slocum Research & Education Foundation for more than 20 years. Dr. Lantz is a dedicated humanitarian, coordinating or participating in trips to disaster zones and impoverished regions internationally to offer free surgical orthopedic care to those most in need, on nearly every continent. Dr. Lantz has been a surgeon at the Slocum Center for Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, since 1990, and is currently a senior partner with that Center. 



Eric F. Hussar, MD

Dr. Hussar is board certified in family medicine physician practicing in Marietta, Pennsylvania. He graduated from Temple University Lewis Katz School of Medicine in 2002 and completed a residency at Lancaster General Hospital. His practice was the recipient of the Patient-Centered Medical Home Recognition Program and Physician Practice Connections Recognition Program by the National Committee for Quality Assurance.


South Carolina

Richard S. McCain, MD

Richard S. McCain, MD, graduated with an undergraduate degree in biology in 1974 before receiving his medical degree from the Medical University of South Carolina in 1978. He completed an internship in internal medicine at Tulane Medical Center in New Orleans, Louisiana before completing a residency in orthopedic surgery in Charleston, South Carolina. He opened McCain Orthopaedic Center in 1986, where he still practices today. He is a member of multiple professional organizations including South Carolina Medical Association, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and American Medical Association.


South Carolina

James Wells III, MD

James L Wells III, MD is a board certified Hematologist/Oncologist who practices in West Columbia, SC.  He graduated with an undergraduate degree in biology in 2001 from Furman University before receiving his medical degree from the Medical University of South Carolina in 2005. He completed an internal medicine residency program in Charleston, South Carolina followed by a fellowship in Hematology/Oncology.  Currently he is actively involved as the principal investigator of several oncology clinical trials in West Columbia.


South Dakota

Mick Vanden Bosch, MD

Dr. Bosch has been practicing comprehensive ophthalmology for more than 25 years, initially in Iowa and then Sioux Falls, South Dakota for the last 15 years. Currently, he is an assistant clinical professor with the Sanford USD School of Medicine. Dr. Bosch received his BA in biology from Dordt College in Sioux Center, Iowa and then an MD from the University of Iowa College of Medicine. He completed his residency at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics in 1994 and has been certified by the American Board of Ophthalmology. For 15 years he has been going to the Dominican Republic to perform eye surgery.



Henry Williams, M.D., F.A.C.P., M.A. (ethics)

Henry Williams, M.D., F.A.C.P., M.A. (ethics) received his medical degree from Vanderbilt University Medical School and completed his residency in Internal Medicine at the University of Minnesota. He served as a general medical officer for the Indian Health Service, Navajo Reservation in Shiprock New Mexico. He has practiced general internal medicine at Chattanooga Internal Medicine Group from 1979 to the present time. He received a Masters in Bioethics from Trinity International University in 2005 and has taught bioethics in Minsk, Belarus. In addition, he has provided medical care in Zambia, Haiti (Children’s Nutrition Program of Haiti), Nicaragua, Honduras and Ethiopia. He is the Board Chair for the Tennessee Center for Bioethics and Culture where he has contributed a book review on the series of essays, Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing (Parens and Johnston, eds., 2019, Oxford University Press).



J. Michael Fite, MD

Dr. J. Michael Fite is an obstetrician/gynecologist and has delivered over 7,000 babies. He graduated from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston where he received the Titus Harris Medical Student Research Award. He completed his OB/Gyn residency at Tarrant County Hospital District, John Peter Smith and Harris Hospital where he was the Chief Resident. He is a fellow of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.



Linda Flower, MD

Linda W. Flower, M.D. has practiced Family Medicine for 28 years. She has trained residents in Family Medicine Residency Programs at Baylor College of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and UTMB Galveston (Conroe Family Practice Residency Program). She is currently serving at the TOMAGWA Ministries Medical Clinic which cares for low income patients in Tomball, Texas. She is chairwoman of the Executive Committee of Texas Physicians Resource Council and has been a member of the Christian Medical Association since 1973. She is a graduate of the University of Miami School of Medicine in Florida.



Brian Zehnder, MD

Brian Zehnder, MD, is a family physician from Magna, Utah, having served this community since 1992. Previous President of the Utah Academy of Family Physicians, he is the current Utah Director for the American Academy of Medical Ethics and Medical Director for Exodus Healthcare Network, whose mission is to encourage and give hope in the lives of others.



Rachel DiSanto, MD

Rachel B. DiSanto, MD, is a family doctor in a rural community in Northeast Vermont. She practices both inpatient and outpatient medicine, and she enjoys teaching medical students and residents in her practice and at the University of Vermont. One of her passions is healthcare missions to the developing world. She has participated on numerous mission teams and has focused in recent years on teams that help victims of human trafficking. This has led to work in her state on a task force to develop a curriculum for educating healthcare professionals and students about the issue of human trafficking and how to recognize victims in the healthcare setting. She speaks throughout the state to medical audiences on the topic.



Thomas Eppes, Jr., MD

Thomas Walton Eppes, Jr., MD, is a native Virginian who graduated from William and Mary in 1974. He graduated from University of Virginia Medical School in 1978 and then joined a family practice in Forest, Virginia in 1981. He still continues to work at this practice today, which has grown to a group of nine physicians with three urgent care centers, a diagnostic center and an increasing affiliation with Liberty University’s College of Osteopathic Medicine. He was the founding physician of a local free clinic in the 1980s, in addition to serving as the team physician for the local high school. His practice also actively teaches medical students from three schools. He served as president of the Medical Society of Virginia in 2008-2009, and he is currently chair of the American Medical Association’s Integrated Physician Practice Section. 




Jim Avery is National Medical Director for Diversicare Healthcare and Visiting Assistant Professor of Medicine at the University of Virginia’s School of Medicine. Dr. Avery was in a solo one-physician practice for fourteen years doing internal medicine and pulmonary medicine. He was eventually persuaded to join Suncoast Hospice, the largest hospice in the country at that time, as their Senior Medical Director. Other stints included being Senior Medical Director at VNSNY Hospice in New York City, Chief Medical Officer at Golden Living in Washington DC and the Chief Executive Officer at Hospice of the Piedmont in Charlottesville. He is board-certified in internal medicine, pulmonary, hospice and palliative medicine and is a certified nursing home medical director (CMD). Dr. Avery was awarded the Lillian B. Wald Award for his hospice and palliative care work in New York City and the Roger C. Bone Award for National Leadership in End-of-Life Care. Dr. Avery was named “One of the 50 Most Influential Physician Executives” by Modern Physician magazine and was also nominated as “One of the 100 Most Influential People in Healthcare” by Modern Healthcare magazine.



Sharon Quick, MD

Sharon Quick, MD, is retired from work as a pediatric anesthesiologist/critical care physician. She is currently Washington State Director for the American Academy of Medical Ethics and is working on a Master’s degree in Bioethics. She is an Associate Scholar with the Charlotte Lozier Institute, a fellow in the American College of Pediatricians, and a member of the American Society of Anesthesiologists.

She received a B.A. in Molecular Biology from Vanderbilt University in 1984 and a medical degree from Washington University in 1988. She completed residencies in Pediatrics (1991) and Anesthesiology (1994) at UCLA and fellowships in Pediatric Anesthesiology (1995) and Pediatric Critical Care (1997) at Children’s Hospital in Seattle. She has held staff positions at Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh and Children’s Hospital of Seattle.



Anita Showalter, DO, FACOOG (Dist)

Dr. Showalter serves as the Associate Dean for Clinical Education and Associate Professor and Chief for Women’s Health at Pacific Northwest University of Health Sciences College of Osteopathic Medicine in Yakima, Washington. A graduate of Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine, she completed OB/GYN residency at Cuyahoga Falls Community Hospital, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. She was named a Distinguished Fellow by the American College of Osteopathic Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOOG) and has served on the Board of Trustees, numerous committees and currently serves on the Ad Hoc Task Force for Curriculum in Osteopathic Manipulation. She has been named ACOOG Mentor of the Year and Outstanding Osteopathic Mentor by Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine. She serves on the Board of Directors of the National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners, and Washington Osteopathic Medical Association CME Committee. Dr. Showalter has taken an interest in ethical issues facing the medical profession including physician-assisted suicide and physician’s right of conscience.


West Virginia

Janet Liljestrand, MD, MA (Ethics)

Dr. Janet Liljestrand is a retired pediatrician having worked approximately 40 years in general pediatrics. She has an MD from The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1973, and an MA in bioethics from Trinity International University, 2004. Caring for a special needs daughter as well as a wide variety of patient needs has given her practical experience in ethics.



Anthony Graziano, MD

Dr. Anthony F. Graziano is board certified in Emergency Medicine practicing in Ft. Atkinson, Wisconsin. He received his undergraduate and medical degree from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, along with graduate studies in Physiology. He completed his residency in Emergency Medicine in 1985 from Butterworth Hospital in Grand Rapids, Michigan, has maintained his certification with the American Board of Emergency Medicine and obtained a Masters at Trinity International University in 2011. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Emergency Medicine and has held numerous academic appointments in Michigan and Wisconsin since 1983. His volunteer work includes short-term and relief work in third-world countries as well as in domestic missions.



Jacob Morris, MD

Dr. Jacob Morris is a practicing Emergency Physician at the Mayo Clinic Healthcare System in Eau Claire, Wisconsin.  He was born in Plymouth, Minnesota and obtained an undergraduate degree in Biochemistry from the University of Wisconsin at Madison.  He then pursued a year of overseas missions service with The World Race before obtaining his medical degree (M.D.) at the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine.  He subsequently completed three years of Emergency Medicine at the University of Alabama at Birmingham where he served as Chief Resident.  He is currently the Chair of Quality for the Mayo Clinic Healthcare System Emergency Departments in Northwest Wisconsin.



Steve Burgess, MD

Dr. Steve Burgess received his medical degree from Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center in 2008, and then trained in Family Medicine, also at Texas Tech. He is board certified in Family Medicine, and currently practices hospital-based medicine in Cheyenne, Wyoming. He has participated in multiple short-term medical missions trips, including trips to Guatemala, Belize, Nicaragua and Peru.