AAME Board of Reference


Jeffrey J. Barrows

DO, MA (Ethics), President

Dr. Barrows is an obstetrician/gynecologist, author, educator, medical ethicist and speaker. He completed his medical degree at the Des Moines College of Osteopathic Medicine and Surgery in 1978 and his residency training in obstetrics and gynecology at Doctors Hospital in Columbus, Ohio. In 2006, he completed a master’s in bioethics from Trinity International University in Chicago, Illinois.

He has dedicated 15 years of his career to fighting against human trafficking within the intersection of trafficking and healthcare, as well as the rehabilitation of survivors of child sex trafficking. A strong proponent of education, Dr. Barrows has trained healthcare professionals on how to recognize and assist victims of trafficking within healthcare and has published numerous book chapters and articles including “Human Trafficking and the Healthcare Professional” published in the Southern Medical Journal. He has testified to the Ohio legislature on numerous anti-trafficking bills and is a speaker on human trafficking.

In 2008, Dr. Barrows founded Gracehaven, an organization assisting victims of domestic minor sex trafficking in Ohio through outreach, case management and residential rehabilitative care. In 2014, he served as a member of the Technical Working Group on health and human trafficking under the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Administration for Children and Families. He is a founding board member of HEALTrafficking, a united group of survivors and multidisciplinary professionals in 35 countries dedicated to ending human trafficking and supporting its survivors, from a public health perspective.

In 2020, Dr. Barrows published a novel entitled Finding Freedom that realistically portrays child sex trafficking in the U.S.


Nicole Hayes

Executive Vice President

Executive Vice President

Nicole D. Hayes is the Executive Vice President for the American Academy of Medical Ethics.

Nicole is the founder of Voices Against the Grain, a bold counter-culture media and teaching ministry established in May 2013 to help audiences successfully navigate societal issues. Nicole has more than 14 years’ experience as a public relations professional who has provided strategic communications and media relations to elevate educational, health, racial and social justice issues for small business, government and non-profit clients, such as the NAACP, the Office of the Chief of Army Public Affairs and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.  Nicole is a Voices contributor for The Christian Post and a contributing author to the book  The Right to Believe: The New Struggle for Religious Liberty in America. Nicole received her bachelor of arts in broadcast journalism from Washburn University in Topeka, Kansas and her master of public administration from Regent University in Virginia Beach.


Arthur James Dyck


Arthur James Dyck, PhD, graduated with highest honors from Tabor College with a bachelor's degree in sociology. He then earned master's degrees in psychology and philosophy from the University of Kansas before completing his PhD in religious ethics from Harvard University. His thesis was titled, "A Gestalt Analysis of the Moral Data and Certain of Its Implications for Ethical Theory."

Dr. Dyck has enjoyed professorships of social ethics, philosophy and psychology at Harvard, the University of Saskatchewan and the University of Kansas. He has been the Mary B. Saltonstall Professor of Population Ethics at the Harvard School of Public Health since 1969, Co-Director of the Kennedy Interfaculty Program in Medical Ethics at Harvard since 1971 and a member of the Harvard Divinity School faculty since 1965. Author of four books and co-author one, Dr. Dyck is a member of the American Academy of Religion, the American Public Health Association, the Society of Christian Ethics and other organizations. He and his wife Sylvia have twin daughters, Sandra and Cynthia, and they live in Cambridge, Massachusetts.


Matthew Eppinette


Matthew Eppinette, MBA, PhD, is Director of The Center for Bioethics & Human Dignity (CBHD). Dr. Eppinette has a decade and a half of experience in the field of bioethics, including serving CBHD previously, from 2002-2007.

He holds a PhD in Theology with concentrations in Christian Ethics and Theology & Culture from the Center for Advanced Theological Studies at Fuller Theological Seminary in Pasadena, California, where he also earned an MA in Theology. He is a 2004 graduate of the MA Bioethics program at Trinity International University, and he has an MBA with concentrations in Quantitative Analysis and Information Systems from Louisiana Tech University. His undergraduate degree is in Business Management and Administration from Louisiana State University Shreveport.

As an MBA student, Matthew worked on research in the areas of diffusion of innovation and expert systems. He then worked in information technology in the wholesale sporting goods and pharmaceutical industries before returning to graduate school to study bioethics.

In his first tenure at CBHD, he served in a variety of capacities including Director of Research & Analysis and Assistant Director. From CBHD, he joined Americans United for Life as Director of Communications. When he moved to California to attend Fuller, Matthew joined the Center for Bioethics and Culture (CBC) where he served as New Media Manager and Executive Director from 2009-2018.

During his time at the CBC, he co-wrote and co-produced six documentary films addressing bioethics issues. Three of the films were Official Film Festival Selections, and one was awarded Best Documentary at the California Independent Film Festival.

Dr. Eppinette’s current research interests include transhumanism, Alasdair MacIntyre’s ethics and epistemology, and the intersection of fiction, film, and other areas of culture, particularly popular culture, that raise or address bioethics issues.


John F. Kilner


John F. Kilner, PhD, is the President and CEO of The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity in Bannockburn, Illinois. Author of numerous articles in medical, public health, legal, religious and ethics journals, he has written or edited 15 recent books.

His interests have been shaped significantly by extended periods of study and research in inner-city Boston, Kenya and Switzerland. A frequent speaker and seminar leader, he most commonly addresses issues related to healthcare reform and resource allocation, age-based and other forms of rationing, treatment termination, physician-assisted suicide, euthanasia, human cloning, assisted reproduction, genetic intervention, stem cell research, ethical methodology, cultural values and social change.

Before joining The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity, Dr. Kilner was Senior Associate at The Park Ridge Center for the Study of Health, Faith and Ethics, as well as an adjunct faculty member at Northwestern University Medical School, both in Chicago. Prior to his move to the Chicago area, he was an associate professor of social and medical ethics at Asbury Theological Seminary, directed the ethics grand rounds program at the University of Kentucky Medical Center, taught medical ethics as an adjunct professor at the University of Kentucky and served as hospital ethicist for St. Joseph Hospital, Lexington, Kentucky. In addition to directing the Center, Dr. Kilner is Forman Chair of Ethics and Professor of Bioethics and Contemporary Culture at Trinity International University in Deerfield, Illinois.

After completing a BA degree (summa cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa) at Yale University, he earned an MDiv degree (summa cum laude, valedictorian) from Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary. He also holds an AM and a PhD "With Distinction" in religious ethics, with an emphasis in bioethics, from Harvard University. While there, he received the Newcombe, Danforth, Eisenhower, DeKarman, Roothbert, Merit, Howe and Sheldon awards.


C. Ben Mitchell


Ben Mitchell recently retired from more than a decade as the Graves Chair of Moral Philosophy and Special Assistant to the President at Union University in Jackson, Tennessee. For three years he also served as Provost & Vice President for Academic Affairs.

Prior to joining the Union faculty, he taught ethics, including bioethics and contemporary culture, for a decade at Trinity International University/Trinity Evangelical Divinity School in Deerfield, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago, where he was director of the Center for Bioethics & Human Dignity from 2006-2008. He continues to serve there as an affiliate professor of bioethics. He taught at The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary from 1997-1999 and has taught doctoral seminars in bioethics for Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary in Kansas City.

He received his doctorate in philosophy with a concentration in medical ethics (with honors) from the University of Tennessee in Knoxville. His program included a year-long clinical residency at the University of Tennessee Medical Center at Knoxville, Vanderbilt Medical Center in Nashville, and a summer-long residency at the East Tennessee Mental Health Institute. He also received a Master of Divinity Degree from Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary in Fort Worth, Texas and a Bachelor of Science degree from Mississippi State University.

Mitchell has done additional study in genetics for non-scientists at the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratories, Cold Spring Harbor, New York and has twice been visiting scholar at Green College, the medical college of Oxford University.

In 2020, he served on the NIH Human Fetal Tissue Research Ethics Advisory Committee. He has been a consultant with the Center for Genetics & Public Policy at Johns Hopkins University and Co-Director for Biotechnology Policy and Fellow of the Council for Biotechnology Policy in Washington, D.C. He also has served as a Fellow of the Institute for Biotechnology and a Human Future at Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago-Kent School of Law; and as a Fellow of the Center for Policy on Emerging Technologies, Washington, DC. He currently serves as Distinguished Fellow of the Tennessee Center for Bioethics & Culture and a Fellow of the Ethics & Religious Liberty Commission of the Southern Baptist Convention.

He was a member of the Templeton Oxford Summer Symposium on Religion and Science (2003-2005).

In addition to his academic work, Mitchell also consults on matters of public policy and has given testimonies before policymaking groups including the U. S. House of Representatives, the Institutes of Medicine, and the Illinois Senate.  He has published in major news media, including the Washington Post and is interviewed regularly on radio and television, having appeared on National Public Radio, Fox News, MSNBC, and others. He also serves on his local hospital’s ethics committee.

Among other works, he is the author of Ethics and Moral Reasoning (Crossway, 2013) and a co-authored volume, with D. Joy Riley, MD, Christian Bioethics: A Guide for Pastors, Health Care Professionals, and Families (B&H, 2014). He is the former editor of Ethics & Medicine: An International Journal of Bioethics.


John J. Paris


John J. Paris graduated from Boston College with a bachelor's degree in history, then continued at Harvard University where he earned an AM in government/education. He also earned a PhL in philosophy from Weston College, a master's degree in theology from Boston College and a master's and PhD in social ethics from the University of Southern California. He has enjoyed fellowships with Harvard University, Yale University, Princeton University, University of Southern California, University of California, Holy Cross College and Georgetown University.

Paris was a consultant for the President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research in 1982-83 and served on the advisory panel on "Issues in Technology and Aging" for the U.S. Congress Office of Technology Assessment from 1985-87. He was a consultant for the U.S. Senate Committee on Aging from 1986-88, served on the LORAN Commission, Harvard Community Health Plan, 1985-88, and also as a consultant for the Harvard Community Health Plan from 1988-90. Paris has authored approximately 145 publications, participated in 74 court hearings and been involved with 57 legal consultations. He is currently the Michael P. Walsh Professor of Bioethics at Boston College, and Clinical Professor of Family Medicine and Community Health at Tufts University School of Medicine.


Rebecca D. Pentz


Becky Pentz is Professor of Hematology and Oncology in Research Ethics at Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia. She does empirical ethics research on such issues as informed consent, phase 1 research (first use of a drug in humans) and genetic confidentiality, as well as helping researchers with their protocols to make them ethically sound and consulting with researchers to address ethical concerns. In 2000, she moved to Atlanta from Houston where she was the Clinical Ethicist at MD Anderson Cancer Center for a decade. As Clinical Ethicist, she worked closely with patients and families, offering help for those struggling with end of life issues.

Pentz has many national commitments. She is on the St. Jude Data Monitoring Committee as well as several international DSMBs. She is on the Children’s Oncology Group’s ethics committee as well as the Centers for Disease Control IRB.  She often participates in the National Academies of Science Workshops on current issues in research.  Becky’s husband Vic is the retired pastor of Peachtree Presbyterian Church in Atlanta.


Tati Santos


Vice President of Residents, Fellows & Students

Dr. Tatiana Santos was raised in Florida and earned her B.S. from Florida International University. She then went on to complete medical school at the University of Silesia School of Medicine, where she co-founded the 6th Chapter of the Student Government Association. Dr. Santos is currently working on the completion of a Master’s Degree in Healthcare Administration from Purdue University. She has served on the Health Impact Council for the United Way Worldwide and Advisory Board for Best Buddies International. Her interest in medical ethics began in her previous career as a trial paralegal for medical malpractice cases, and from her involvement with the American Medical Association on the ongoing issue of physician-assisted suicide. She has extensive knowledge on end of life decisions from her participation in advance directive preparations at the University of Florida. Dr. Santos is fluent in Portuguese and Spanish.


Daniel P. Sulmasy


Dr. Sulmasy, a Franciscan Friar, holds the Sisters of Charity Chair in Ethics at St. Vincent’s Hospital—Manhattan, and he serves as Professor of Medicine and Director of the Bioethics Institute of New York Medical College. He received his AB and MD degrees from Cornell University and completed his residency, chief residency and post-doctoral fellowship in General Internal Medicine at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. He received his PhD in philosophy from Georgetown University in 1995, where he served as Director of the Center for Clinical Bioethics and Senior Research Scholar of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics.

Dr. Sulmasy is a Fellow of the Hastings Center and member of the Board of Advisors of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. He is the author of a book on spirituality for healthcare professionals, entitled The Healer’s Calling, and is co-editor of the text Methods in Medical Ethics. He serves as editor-in-chief of the journal Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics. His numerous articles have appeared in medical, philosophica, and theological journals, and he has lectured widely both in the U.S. and abroad.


Carol Taylor


Carol Taylor, PhD, RN, FAAN is a senior clinical scholar in the Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown University and a Professor of Medicine and Nursing. Experienced in caring for patients who are chronically and critically ill and their families, Carol chose doctoral work in philosophy with a concentration in bioethics because of a passion to “make health care work” for those who need it.

At Georgetown Carol was a founding member and previous director of the Pellegrino Center for Clinical Bioethics. Her research interests include clinical and professional ethics, and organizational integrity. 

Carol has a PhD in Philosophy with a concentration in bioethics from Georgetown University and a Master's Degree in Medical-Surgical Nursing from Catholic University; She now works closely with health care professionals and leaders who are exploring the ethical dimensions of their practice.  She lectures internationally and writes on various issues in healthcare ethics and serves as an ethics consultant to systems and professional organizations.  She has served as an ethics consultant to Hospice of the Valley, the largest not for profit hospice in the U.S., for over ten years and served on the Bon Secours Health System Corporate Board and Ethics Advisory Board. She was also on the Board of Directors for the American Society of Bioethics and Humanities. She is a co-author of Wolters Kluwer’s Fundamentals of Nursing: The Art and Science of Person-Centered Nursing Care, which is now in its 9th edition and co-editor of Health and Human Flourishing:  Religion, Medicine and Moral Anthropology and the 4th edition of Case Studies in Nursing Ethics.


Gerald Winslow


Gerald Winslow is Professor of Christian Ethics at Loma Linda University. He is also Vice President for Spiritual Life of Loma Linda University Adventist Health Sciences Center.

He received his undergraduate education at Walla Walla College and his master's degree at Andrews University. He earned his doctorate from the Graduate Theological Union in Berkeley. For the last 30 years, he has specialized in teaching and writing about ethics, especially biomedical ethics. His books include Triage and Justice, published by the University of California Press, and Facing Limits from Westview Press. His articles have appeared in academic journals such as the Western Journal of Medicine, the Journal of Pediatrics, The Hastings Center Report, the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, and General Dentistry. He has presented lectures and seminars at universities and for professional groups throughout North America and in Australia and Europe, and he currently serves as an ethics consultant to a variety of organizations, including Blue Shield of California, Roche Pharmaceuticals and Eli Lilly. He is a founding member of the California Technology Assessment Forum, a public forum for the evaluation of new healthcare technologies.

Professor Winslow is married to Dr. Betty Wehtje Winslow, who teaches community health nursing at Loma Linda University. The Winslows have two daughters: Lisa, who is a computer software engineer, and Angela, who is an occupational therapist.

State Directors

Our state directors work to protect the Hippocratic values of Western healthcare across the country.



Steven Willing, MD

Dr. Steven Willing received his medical degree from the Medical College of Georgia, completed an internship in pediatrics from the University of Virginia before undertaking a residency in diagnostic radiology at the Medical College of Georgia, and a fellowship in neuroradiology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Dr. Willing spent 20 years in academic medicine at the University of Louisville,  the University of Alabama at Birmingham and Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI). He also earned an MBA from the University of Alabama at Birmingham in 1997.

During his academic career, Dr. Willing published over 50 papers in the areas of radiology, informatics, and management. His personal blog on science apologetics, The Soggy Spaniel, may be found at swilling.com.



George Stewart, MD

George Stewart, MD, grew up in New England and received a bachelor’s degree in biology from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in New York in 1958. He received his MD from the State University of New York in 1964. He completed his internship in internal medicine at the Virginia Mason Hospital in Seattle, Washington. After spending two years doing viral immunology research and an additional two years working with the Indian Health Service in Bethel, Alaska, he returned to Seattle to complete his internal medicine, pulmonary and critical care training. In 1971, he returned to Alaska and practiced pulmonary and critical care medicine until retiring in 2005. Since retiring from active practice, he has been on seven mission trips with Medical Education International and two other mission trips. 



Allan Sawyer, MD, MS

Dr. Allan Sawyer is a graduate of Oral Roberts School of Medicine. He completed his residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Good Samaritan Regional Medical Center in Phoenix, Arizona. He has won numerous awards chosen by his colleagues in medicine as well as the public and media. After nearly 25 years in private OB/Gyn practice, Dr. Sawyer now devotes himself to teaching, serving and relieving long-term missionaries at hospitals in developing countries. In addition to his medical mission work, he also is a Liberty University School of Divinity student and a member of Samaritan’s Purse’s Disaster Assistance Response Team. In 2016, he was honored by his medical school alma mater, Oral Roberts University, as the Alumnus of the Year in the category of “Going Into Every Person’s World.”



David H. Beyda, MD

David H. Beyda, MD, is the Chair and Professor in the Department of Bioethics and Medical Humanism at the University of Arizona College of Medicine – Phoenix. He is an accomplished Master Educator and critical care physician with more than 40 years of experience practicing pediatric critical care bedside ethics. He teaches the ethics curriculum throughout the four years of medical education and engages in medical humanism through the lenses of medical ethics at the bedside, stressing “who” the patient (personhood) is while addressing “what” the patient (disease) is. He has written two books: Covenant Medicine: Being Present when Present and Border Crossings: It’s not what we bring, but what we leave behind.” He is a member of the CMDA Ethics Committee.



David E. Smith, MD

David Smith, MD is a hospice & palliative medicine specialist in Little Rock, AR and has been practicing for 43 years. He graduated from University Of Missouri—Columbia School of Medicine and specializes in hospice & palliative medicine and cardiology. He was awarded the Fay Boozman Award, given annually to a physician who has demonstrated excellence in Christian faith and personal life, integration of faith into the practice of medicine, and commitment to community service and public health. He was a founder of Heart Clinic Arkansas and served as a cardiologist for 35 years. In 2012 he became director of supportive medicine at Baptist Health-Little Rock where he serves as chairman of the medical ethics committee. He is one of the founders of the Haiti Christian Development Project and has worked on short-term and development projects there since 1985. After completing a master’s in bioethics, he has taught molecular biology, biochemistry and pre-med students at Harding each fall since 2000. He serves on Harding’s Missions Advisory Council and has helped develop a third-world village for training missionaries at Camp Tahkodah.



J. Grady Crosland, MD

Dr. J. Grady Crosland is an anesthesiologist at Arkansas Children’s Hospital and is an Assistant Professor at the University of Arkansas College of Medicine. He serves on the Bioethics Committee at Arkansas Children’s Hospital. Dr. Crosland has received numerous honors and awards including Arkansas’ Best Doctor in Anesthesiology from the Arkansas Times multiple years, Best Doctors in the United States, Central Region and Golden Apple Award for recognition for Excellence in Resident Education.


District of Columbia

Allen Roberts, MD

Dr. Allen Roberts is originally from Alexandria, VA. He took his B.A. from the University of Virginia in 1977 and his M.D. from George Washington University in 1983. He completed his M.Div. at Reformed Theological Seminary in 2013, and will complete a Masters in Bioethics through Trinity International University later this year. In 2003 he retired from the US Navy Medical Corps, after a 20-year career in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care, during which time he served as White House Physician under President George H.W. Bush. For the past 16 years he has practiced Critical Care Medicine at Georgetown University Hospital, where he now serves as the Associate Medical Director for the hospital, and Chair of the Clinical Ethics Committee. He is the State Director for DC for the American Academy of Medical Ethics.



David Araujo, MD, FAAFP

David Araujo, MD, FAAFP, graduated from the George Washington University School of Medicine in Washington, D.C. in 1984. He completed a residency in family medicine and a faculty development fellowship at the Ventura County Medical Center in Ventura, California.  Since then, he has remained in graduate medical education and has been a residency program director in family medicine for the last 26 years. He is currently the Program Director and Designated Institutional Official in Ventura, leading 45 residents and 15 faculty members. He holds a faculty appointment at the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine. Ethical issues confront us in medicine, but in academic medicine it is especially highlighted in how to go about training the next generation of physicians.



James M. Small, MD, PhD

James M. Small, MD, PhD graduated from Colorado College, Summa cum Laude and Duke Medical School in Microbiology and Immunology. Completed a Pathology Residency at the University of Utah. He is Board certified in Anatomic and Clinical Pathology and in Medical Microbiology. He works at a large teaching hospital in Denver and is the medical director for Microbiology and Chemistry labs. He has served as the Chair of the Public and Patient Relations Committee for the College of American Pathologists.



Jack Pike, PA-C, DFAAPA

Jack Pike, PA-C, DFAAPA, has been a physician assistant for over 40 years, having been raised and trained in Illinois.  He moved to Connecticut in 1984. He has been a surgical PA for most of those years but now works in occupational medicine in Hartford. He is an adjunct clinical assistant professor in the PA program at Quinnipiac University. Jack is a member and Distinguished Fellow of the American Academy of Physician Assistants and has served in various leadership capacities.   He has been involved in medical mission work for many years with his church and other groups, serving in India, Africa, Moldova, Jordan, Greece and Dominican Republic. He is involved with the opposition to physician assisted suicide in Connecticut, testifying before the public health committee, and educating the public through churches about PAS.  His blog can be found at http://jackpikepasblog.blogspot.com  



Adrienne E. Abrenica, DNP

Adrienne E. Abrenica, DNP, obtained her BSN from Bloomsburg University in Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania in 2006. She then returned to school and completed her first MSN degree in 2014 from the University of Pittsburgh. She became an Adult Gerontology Acute Care Nurse Practitioner and worked for two years with the cardiothoracic surgery team at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. After moving to northern Delaware in 2016, she began working under Cardiology at ChristianaCare. In 2018, she went back to school at Wilmington University in Delaware to complete her post-masters degree as a Family Nurse Practitioner as well as obtain her Doctor of Nursing Practice degree in 2020, while receiving the Academic Excellence award for her graduating class. She is the former President of Sigma Theta Tau’s Omicron Gamma chapter and a former Daisy Award recipient. She has gone on medical mission trips to help serve in Ecuador and the Dominican Republic.



Felipe Vizcarrondo MD

Dr. Vizcarrondo attended Temple University Medical School, Philadelphia, PA. He completed a residency in Pediatrics and subspecialty training in Pediatric Cardiology. He subsequently completed a masters’ program in Bioethics. He held academic appointments at several university medical schools and is currently Associate Professor (voluntary), University of Miami Miller School of Medicine and member of the UM Ethics Programs. Dr. Vizcarrondo is the president of the Miami Guild of the Catholic Medical Association. He has written on a variety of topics ranging from freedom of conscience of healthcare workers, the doctor patient relationship and euthanasia in Pediatrics.




Michael G. Anderson, MD, FAAP, ESQ is an Associate Clinical Professor of Pediatrics. He is a Board Certified Diplomat of the American Board of Pediatrics and a Fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics. Dr. Anderson founded the Children's Pediatric Center and modeled it after the children's care from one of the Nation's top five children's specialty hospitals. Dr. Anderson's research on medical ethics is included in the Michigan's research symposium, and published in National Pediatric Journals. In addition to being a pediatrician he received his Juris Doctor from Northwestern University School of Law and has served in the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh District.



Glenn Bloom, MD

Glenn Bloom, MD, is a board-certified emergency physician practicing full-time in Canton, Georgia. He completed undergraduate studies at Biola University and earned MD and JD degrees from Southern Illinois University. He completed residency training at York Hospital in central Pennsylvania. He volunteers at Good Samaritan Health Center of Cobb and has served on a medical missions trip to Guatemala.




Craig Nakatsuka, MD, is a general interist specializing in long-term care, hospice and palliative care. He received his undergraduate from Wheaton Collge in Wheaton, Illinois in 1975. He graduated in 1979 from John A. Burns School of Medicine at the University of Hawaii. He did his internship and residency at St. Mary's Medical Center in Long Beach, California from 1979 to 1982.



David L. Miller, DO

David L. Miller, DO



Benjamin German, MD

Benjamin German, MD was born and raised in Kentucky. He graduated from Cedarville University in Ohio with a B.A. before completing medical school at the University of Louisville School of Medicine. He is currently a resident in Internal Medicine at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago. He is planning to pursue a fellowship upon completion of his residency.



David Donaldson, MD

David Donaldson, MD graduated from the University of Kentucky in 1988 and from the University of Kentucky College of Medicine in 1992. He completed an Internship at St. Vincents Hospital in Indianapolis from 1992-1993 and an anesthesia residency at the University of Louisville in 1996. He is Board Certified in Anesthesiology. He practiced for five years in Pensacola, Florida at Sacred Heart Hospital before moving to Indiana. He has worked at Parkview Hospital in Fort Wayne, Indiana since 2001. He and his family have participated in mission trips to Africa.



Steven Foley, MD, FACOG and Diane Foley, MD, FAAP

Steven Foley, MD, FACOG, is a board-certified obstetrician/gynecologist currently practicing as an OB hospitalist in several rural hospitals in Indiana. He graduated from Indiana Wesleyan University and completed medical school and residency training at Indiana University in Indianapolis. He has been actively involved supporting pregnancy resource centers throughout his professional life. He is active with the American Association of Pro-Life Obstetricians & Gynecologists (AAPLOG) and has assisted in several litigations with Alliance Defending Freedom. Steve and his wife Diane have been married for 43 years, and they have four married children and 11 grandchildren. 

Diane Foley, MD, FAAP, is a board-certified pediatrician and currently directs the public health operations of Longview Technology Solutions providing medical services in multiple states. She graduated from Indiana Wesleyan University and completed medical school and residency training at Indiana University and Methodist Hospital of Indiana in Indianapolis. She has served in a variety of roles with pregnancy resource centers including advocacy and public policy endeavors. Most recently, she served as the Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 



Patricia L. Goodemote, MD

Patricia L. Goodemote, MD, graduated from the Uniformed Services University (military medical school) in 1992. As a U.S. Air Force physician, she served as a flight surgeon and family medicine physician, and she taught nine years at Air Force residency programs where she was awarded Teacher of the Year by her residents on three separate occasions. The Uniformed Service Academy of Family Physicians also selected her as the Family Physician of the Year in 2011. Since retiring from the military in 2012, she works part-time as an emergency room physician in Iowa rural hospitals so she can homeschool her three children. She has also served locally as a Chief Medical Officer, served as an ER Medical Director, volunteered at two local free clinics and is the medical director at a pregnancy center. Presently, she is a consultant and provider coach for Wapiti Medical Staffing. Dr. Goodemote is passionate about caring for people from the womb to the tomb. She lives outside of Stanton, Iowa with her husband of 23 years and their three children.



Lisa M. Gilbert, MD, FAAFP

Lisa Gilbert, MD, FAAFP is a board certified family medicine physician and core faculty at Ascension Via Christi Family Medicine Residency Program, affiliated with the University of Kansas. She grew up overseas, but attended medical school at UT Southwestern in Dallas and residency in family medicine in Wichita. She completed a 1 year Fellowship in International Family Medicine, including 5 months in Niger, and obtained the Certificate of Knowledge in Tropical Medicine and Traveler's Health (CTropMed) from the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH). She has subsequently volunteered short-term with Partners in Health during the Ebola crisis in Liberia, as well as in Cameroon, Niger and Egypt. She worked in full-spectrum family medicine in rural Kansas for almost 3 years before returning to her alma mater to pursue academic medicine, and is a regular volunteer at a student-run clinic for the homeless. She also serves as Chair of the Ethics Integration Committee at Ascension Via Christi.



Steven A. House, MD

Steven A. House, MD, HMDC, FAAFP, FAAHPM, received a B.S. in biology from Furman University, and he is an AOA member and 1995 graduate of Mercer University School of Medicine. He completed his residency in Family Medicine at The Medical Center of Central Georgia (now Navicent Health) in 1998. He is board certified in Family Medicine and Hospice and Palliative Medicine, and he is a certified Hospice Medical Director (2014). Dr. House has worked in medical education and graduate medical education (GME) since 2001, teaching medical and osteopathic students, Family Medicine residents, and Geriatrics fellows. He assisted in the development of a large palliative medicine consultation service in 2004 and the first ACGME-accredited Palliative Medicine fellowship in GA in 2009. He relocated from Georgia to Kentucky in 2010 where he continues to pursue his passions for medical education / GME, end-of-life care, and advance care planning.




Ted Brown, DO, MPH, MS, FAAFP, earned his BS from the United States Military Academy (West Point) in 1996, his DO from the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine in 2000 and his MPH from Johns Hopkins (2007). A colonel in the U.S. Army, he is board certified in family medicine, general preventive medicine /public health and occupational and environmental medicine. Dr. Brown is a Fellow of the American Academy of Family Physicians. He and his family have enjoyed numerous assignments in seven states as well as Germany, serving soldiers, families and retirees. In addition to a combat tour in Afghanistan, his military service has included travel to 21 countries to include public health work in the Republic of Georgia, Lebanon, Afghanistan and Iraq. He is currently assigned to Fort Knox in a non-clinical role, managing leader development and assignments for senior army medical officers. His personal interest is advocating for, and protecting, the right of conscience in healthcare.




Amy Givler is a family physician in Monroe, Louisiana. She graduated from Wellesley College and Georgetown University School of Medicine and completed her family medicine residency at Ochsner LSU Hospital Monroe, an indigent-care hospital where she now works as a Clinical Assistant Professor of Family Medicine and Comprehensive Care. She also works at an urgent-care clinic and is a volunteer doctor for SHIP trips to western Kenya. She is the author of Hope in the Face of Cancer: A Survival Guide for the Journey You Did Not Choose.



 Frederick J. White, MD, FACC, FCCP

Dr. White specializes in General Cardiology. Dr. White went to the Louisiana State University School of Medicine, Shreveport and completed his post-doctoral residency training at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences. He completed a Fellowship at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee. He is a Fellow of the American College of Cardiology and the American College of Chest Physicians. He is a past president of the Shreveport Medical Society and current Healthcare Ethics Consultant—Certified (HCEC-C) by the HCEC Certification Commission of the American Society of Bioethics and Humanities. Articles Dr. White has authored can be found at this link.



Sharon Hedges, MD

Sharon Hedges, MD, is a board-certified obstetrician/gynecologist practicing in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. She attended Cedarville University in Ohio and then completed her medical training at Louisiana State University School of Medicine in Shreveport. She completed her OB/Gyn residency at Ochsner Medical Center in New Orleans. After 17 years of private practice, she recently transitioned to the role of an OB/Gyn hospitalist, as well as teaching obstetrics for the Baton Rouge General Family Medicine Residency Program. She has participated in numerous short-term mission trips and spent three years in Kenya working at Kijabe Hospital.



Danae Kershner, DO

Dr. Kershner, DO is a practicing Family Practitioner in Bangor, Maine. Dr. Kershner graduated from the University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine in 2012. She completed a residency at Eastern Maine Medical Center.



Sandy Christiansen, MD, FACOG

Sandy Christiansen, MD, FACOG is a board-certified obstetrician/gynecologist and a Fellow of the American College of Obstetricians & Gynecologists. She earned a B.S. in Microbiology and graduate degree in pathology from the University of Maryland. In 1986, Dr. Christiansen completed medical school at the Medical College of Pennsylvania. In 1990, she completed residency training in obstetrics & gynecology at the Hospital of the Medical College of Pennsylvania and entered private practice and served as attending physician at several teaching hospitals in Philadelphia. A complicated twin pregnancy led Dr. Christiansen and her husband to move back to her home state of Maryland. For the past 12 years, she has devoted her time to being an advocate for life-from conception to natural death, and to the practice of Hippocratic medicine. She is the medical director and staff physician for a nonprofit free clinic providing medical services, education, and emotional and spiritual support for women and men faced with an unplanned pregnancy. In addition, she serves as the National Medical Director for Care Net, a nonprofit Christian organization that promotes, prepares and partners with their network of more than 1,100 pregnancy centers to offer life-affirming alternatives to abortion. She is a member of the American Association of Pro-life Obstetricians & Gynecologists. Dr. Christiansen is privileged to be a voice for the voiceless, writing, educating, and providing testimony to a variety of forums including the United Nations, the President’s Council on Bioethics, legislative bodies, and commentary to numerous national media outlets.







James Hines, MD

Dr. James Hines was born in Warsaw, Indiana and received his Bachelor of Arts degree in Chemistry and Biology from Indiana University in Bloomington, IN. He received his MD from Indiana University School of Medicine in Indianapolis in 1980 and completed three years of Family Medicine Residency in Ft. Wayne, IN. Jim entered the OB-Gyn Residency program in Saginaw, Michigan after completing a course in tropic medicine in Antwerp, Belgium and spending two years in the Central African Republic as a missionary. In 1991, he established the Obstetrics Department at St. Luke’s Hospital (now, part of Covenant HealthCare) in Saginaw, Michigan. He and his family spent two addition years in the Central African Republic before relocating to Saginaw, Michigan where he has practiced OB/Gyn since 1994. He is respected as an excellent surgeon, having gained expertise in pelvic reconstruction and robotic surgery. He also is certified in dexitometry and ultrasonography. He is board certified in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Family Medicine, Clinical Densitometry and Diagnostic medial Sonographers. He is currently the Chief of Staff at the Aleda E. Lutz VA Medical Center which serves over 37,000 Veterans in 35 Counties. He has also served as the Incident Commander for the COVID-19 Pandemic.



Matt Viel, MD, FAAFP, MA

Matt Viel, MD, FAAFP, MA (Biomedical and Clinical Ethics) specialized in rural clinics.  Despite having been born with what was at that time diagnosed to be a lethal and irreparable heart problem, he grew up in Kalamazoo, Michigan.  He earned bachelors’ degrees of science and of arts from Calvin College.  He went on to pioneer the combined MD, MA (ethics) program at Loma Linda University School of Medicine and Graduate Schools.  He completed his internship and residency in Sioux Falls, SD, earning awards in geriatrics, teaching, and sports medicine.  He started and/or revived clinics in southwest MN and then in southwest MI, mainly in rural areas, for nearly 15 years.  He loved providing full-scope family practice, overseeing the development of a rural trauma center, directing an ER/ICU, a volunteer EMT program, and co-directing a nursing home and a drug rehab program.  In 2019, complications from his heart problems forced him out of practice and he remains on long-term medical disability.  He still enjoys volunteering his keen analytical, diagnostic, and people skills whenever his health allows.  He is passionate about Hippocratic medicine, the people of the United States of America, and the timeless principles upon which healthcare and America were founded.



Dr. Catherine Stark, MD

Catherine Stark, MD, is a board-certified obstetrician/gynecologist who has been a practicing pro-life physician for more than 28 years. She received both her undergraduate degree in pharmacy and her medical degree from Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan. After completing a residency in obstetrics and gynecology at William Beaumont Hospital in Royal Oak, Michigan in 1998, she founded a private practice in the Detroit area with other like-minded pro-life physicians. She has enjoyed caring for thousands of pregnant women and their unborn children during her career. She is a member of the Troy Beaumont Hospital medical staff (emeritus) and is an adjunct assistant clinical professor at Oakland University William Beaumont Medical School. She began volunteer work with local pregnancy resource centers in 1998, and after retirement from her medical practice in 2022, she now works as a pro-life advocate and volunteer medical director for three centers in southeast Michigan. Since 2018, Dr. Stark has been a member of the Abortion Pill Reversal Network and serves on the network’s medical advisory committee through Heartbeat International. She has also participated in multiple short-term healthcare mission trips overseas. She is the mother of four adult children and proud grandmother of 13. In her spare time, she enjoys traveling and spending time with her beautiful grandchildren.



Paul Post, MD

Paul Post, MD went to medical school at the University of Minnesota, graduating in 1978. He completed his residency in Family Medicine at the University of Minnesota Associated Hospitals in 1981. He then moved with his family to the Chisago Lakes area north of St. Paul and practiced family medicine for 37 years. He retired in 2019 but has kept busy serving as Medical Director for two local crisis pregnancy centers, serving on the board for Minnesota Adult and Teen Challenge, and leading Bible studies at Union Gospel Mission, as well as serving in his local church.



Paul “Russell” Roberts, MD

Paul “Russell” Roberts, MD, completed his medical degree, internship and residency in radiation oncology at the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson, Mississippi. He is a radiation oncologist at the nation’s largest rural hospital, North Mississippi Medical Center in Tupelo, Mississippi. Dr. Roberts has enjoyed mentoring undergraduate students, medical students, residents and fellows. He has also served on mission trips to East Asia, the Dominican Republic, Honduras and the Mississippi Delta.



Josephine L.A. Glaser, MD

Josephine L.A. Glaser, MD, is a board-certified family physician and fellow of the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). She currently works as a primary care physician for Dedicated Senior Medical Center in St. Louis, Missouri, a division of ChenMed, where seniors are treated with compassion, dignity and respect. She also works as a primary care physician consultant for Show-Me ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes) to connect interdisciplinary teams of experts with primary care providers and other professionals. Dr. Glaser graduated with a major in biology and a minor in psychology at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri and attended the University of Missouri School of Medicine. Dr. Glaser serves as the Missouri American Academy of Family Physicians St. Louis Director-At-Large and Co-Chair of the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) Physicians for LIFE Member Interest Group. She enjoys mentoring students, residents and young physicians. Active in the fight against assisted suicide, Dr. Glaser serves as Secretary of the Board of the Euthanasia Prevention Coalition, USA.



Robert Paul Schneider, DO, FAAFP

Robert Paul Schneider, DO, FAAFP, is a board-certified osteopathic family medicine physician and fellow of the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). He is retired but serves as a supervising physician for the Northeast Regional Medical Center’s Family Medicine Residency Clinic in Kirksville, Missouri. Additionally, he lectures for the Department for the Advancement of Osteopathic Education, Still OPTI (Osteopathic Principles and Training Institute) and the National Center for Osteopathic Principles and Practice Education across the nation. He is a guest lecturer at Truman State University (also in Kirksville, Missouri) in bioethics in the Department of Philosophy and Religion. He is former chair of the Bioethics Committee at Northeast Regional Medical Center. Dr. Schneider is co-founder of the Still Caring Health Connection, a free clinic in Kirksville, Missouri. Dr. Schneider has served on healthcare mission trips in Africa, Central America and Cuba. He graduated from Lindenwood College (now Lindenwood University) with a major in psychology. He completed training at the St. Louis University’s Physician Assistant Program and subsequent practice. Later, he attended the Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine and subsequently completed a family medicine residency with Southern Illinois University School of Medicine in Quincy, Illinois. He completed a health policy fellowship with the American Osteopathic Association. He has practiced in rural America, in New Zealand and at A.T. Still University in the College of Osteopathic Medicine. He has been married for 45 years and enjoys spending time with his seven grandchildren.



Carley Robertson, MD

Dr. Robertson is a Montana native, graduated from the University of Washington School of Medicine (Montana WWAMI) in 1982. She did two years of General Surgery training at the University of Colorado from 1982-1984 and has since been in General Practice in rural north central Montana. She has been interested in the work of rural EMTs and emergency care since becoming an EMT in Montana during the 1970’s. Austere environments (detention facilities, missions, orphanages, under trees) and international medicine (Australia, Angola, Brazil, Nepal, Tanzania) are of importance in her medical endeavors. Teaching medical concepts to non-medical persons has been a specific focus (diabetes for educators; medical care for detention facility staff). Dr. Robertson is a Trustee of the Montana Medical Association.



Dale E. Michels, MD

Dr. Dale Michels is a board-certified family physician retired after practicing in Lincoln, Nebraska for 44 years. He received his medical degree from University of Nebraska College of Medicine. He helped found Lincoln Family Medical Group in 1974 after graduating from the University of Nebraska Medical Center and interning at Bryan Hospital. He has been active in multiple medical and community organizations. He holds the record for being currently the longest practicing family physician in the community.



Kirk Bronander, MD, FACP

Kirk Bronander, MD, FACP, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Internal Medicine at the University of Nevada School of Medicine (UNSOM). Dr. Bronander received his BS in exercise science at The University of Arizona in 1994 and his MD from The University of Arizona in 1998. He completed residency in internal medicine at the University of Nevada School of Medicine in 2001. He has been a faculty hospital physician (hospitalist) since that time. He is the Clerkship Director for Internal Medicine, directs the Clinical Reasoning in Medicine course and is the Medical Director of Simulation for UNSOM. 


New Hampshire

Richard E. Johnson, MD, FACS

Richard E. Johnson, MD, FACS, received his undergraduate degree from Wheaton College in Illinois and his medical degree from the University of Colorado School of Medicine. He spent two years as a physician with the USAF in Turkey. After completion of a surgical residency at Dartmouth-Hitchcock, he was employed as a staff surgeon at the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Nashua division for more than 30 years. He has served on the New Hampshire Medical Malpractice Screening Panel and has done short-term medical trips to Central America and Africa. He is a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons and a member of the New England Surgical Society and the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons.


New Jersey

Karl Benzio, MD

Karl Benzio, MD, is a husband of 30 years, father of three girls, board certified psychiatrist, writer, frequent media guest expert and speaker covering many behavioral health and social policy issues. He has testified for U.S. Congress, state legislatures and the President’s Bioethics Committee, and he has taught in Iraq, Kenya and Uganda. He has a BSE in biomedical engineering with focus in Central Nervous System imaging from Duke University and a medical degree from Rutgers-New Jersey Medical School. He also completed a psychiatric residency at UC–Irvine. His expertise is integrating brain physiology, psychological and spiritual principles into decision-making sciences with its endless application to every facet of psychological health and functioning for individuals, families, communities and our society.


New Jersey

James R. Weidner, MD, FAAP

Dr. James Weidner has spent his entire life living in southern New Jersey. He received his BA in biology in 1988 from Franklin and Marshall College and his MD in 1992 from Temple University School of Medicine, and then he went on to complete his residency in pediatrics at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. Since 1995, he has been in private practice at Advocare Cornerstone Pediatrics in Haddonfield, New Jersey. He is a member of the American College of Pediatricians. He finds great joy in being involved in the teaching and music ministries of his local church, as well as leading group mission trips to Guatemala.


New Mexico

Greg Schmedes, MD

Gregg Schmedes, M.D. is an otolaryngologist on faculty at the University of New Mexico. After completion of residency at the Medical University of South Carolina, he spent 2 years teaching with the Pan-African Academy of Christian Surgeons at Mbingo Baptist Hospital in Cameroon. He earned his undergraduate degree in electrical engineering at the University of Texas-Austin and attended medical school at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center.


North Carolina

Ronald F. Halbrooks, MD

Ronald F. Halbrooks, MD, is board certified in internal medicine and geriatrics. After finishing his internal medicine residency, he worked in Ethiopia for two years in a drought/famine as the Medical Relief Coordinator in coordination with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Mission Board to feed more than 600,000 people each month. Upon returning to the U.S., he moved to North Carolina and worked for 10 years with an internal medicine practice of the Duke Health Systems. During that time, he also worked with the North Carolina Baptist Men to develop dental and medical buses for rural poor healthcare. Continuing in service, he, his wife and four daughters moved to work in China in several large urban hospitals for six years. They then returned to work at Duke for several years and continued work in China from the United States, developing more rural prevention buses for diabetic, HTN and cholesterol assessment for the rural poor, refugees and immigrant groups. Dr. Halbrooks works with a North Carolina clinic serving the poor, immigrant and refugee communities. Dr. Halbrooks will also complete his master's degree in ethics.


North Carolina

Steven Klein, MD

Steven Klein, MD, is a cardiac electrophysiologist in Greensboro, North Carolina. He graduated from Harvard College in 1979 and Harvard Medical School in 1983. He completed a medicine and pediatrics residency at the University of North Carolina and fellowship training in cardiology and electrophysiology at Barnes Hospital, Washington University in St. Louis. He is a Fellow of the American College of Cardiology. He has been involved with medical missions, most recently serving with Medical Education International in the Balkans. He has been intentionally engaged in Greensboro in conversations of racial reconciliation for more than 15 years. He is working on a master’s program in bioethics.


North Dakota

Daniel Scrimshaw, DO

Dr. Daniel Scrimshaw, DO, is a board-certified emergency physician in Minot, North Dakota. He completed his undergraduate studies at Virginia Commonwealth University Honors College and earned his Doctor of Osteopathy from Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine. Dr. Scrimshaw completed residency in emergency medicine at Western Michigan University. During residency, he was appointed Clinical Instructor of Emergency Medicine and attained a specialty track in Simulation and Medical Education providing instruction for medical students and residents. He currently serves as a clinical instructor of emergency medicine, teaching residents and medical students from the University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Idaho College of Osteopathic Medicine.


North Dakota

Lovita Scrimshaw, DO

Dr. Lovita Scrimshaw, DO, is a board-certified emergency physician in Minot, North Dakota. She completed her undergraduate studies at Virginia Commonwealth University and earned her Doctor of Osteopathy from Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine. She completed her emergency medicine residency at Western Michigan University. During residency, she was appointed Clinical Instructor of Emergency Medicine where she provided teaching for medical students and residents. Having a special interest in laceration repair and wound management, she serves as an author of the Wound Closure chapter in Roberts and Hedges’ Clinical Procedures in Emergency Medicine and Acute Care. She currently serves as a clinical instructor of emergency medicine, teaching residents and medical students from the University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Idaho College of Osteopathic Medicine.



Dennis M. Sullivan, MD, MA (Ethics)

Dr. Dennis Sullivan is a professor of pharmacy practice at Cedarville University, Cedarville, Ohio, where he has taught human biology and bioethics, now focusing primarily on pharmacy ethics and pharmacy law. After undergraduate training in chemistry, Dr. Sullivan received his M.D. in 1978 from Case Western Reserve University, then completed five years of training in general surgery. He then served for two years of active duty in the U.S. Army at Fort Campbell, Kentucky.

He has been a full professor at Cedarville since 2003. In 2004, Dr. Sullivan completed his M.A. in bioethics from Trinity Graduate School. He developed the Center for Bioethics in 2006, which he now continues to direct. He has authored numerous articles in peer-reviewed journals, especially in the area of human personhood and clinical ethics. He has volunteered at a local women’s center and is a frequent speaker on bioethics issues in churches, bioethics forums, universities, and medical schools. He acts as an academic advisor to four area hospital ethics committees. He has often testified before the Ohio legislature.



David Wilson, MD

Dr. David Wilson is the founder of The Reversal Clinic, which has the nation’s largest experience in microsurgical vasovasostomy. In 2005, he decided to stop all provider agreements with insurance companies and government entities which paid for elective abortions. As a result, four months later, he had to close the doors of his 10-year general surgery practice. He advocates for the abolition of abortion. He is board certified in surgery and in internal medicine, having graduated from the University of Kansas Medical School in 1984 and completed internal medicine residency at the OU Health Sciences Center in Oklahoma City in 1987 and general surgery residency at the Yale affiliated St. Mary’s Hospital, Waterbury, Connecticut in 1992. He is a husband of 36 years to Fran, father of four and currently grandfather of four more.



Cheyn Onarecker, MD

Cheyn Onarecker, MD, is a graduate of Oral Roberts University School of Medicine. He completed his family medicine training at Carswell Air Force Base and is the Program Director of St. Anthony Family Medicine Residency in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. He and two colleagues started the residency in 1991. Dr. Onarecker obtained a master of arts in bioethics from Trinity International University and teaches clinical ethics as an adjunct professor at Trinity. He is also Co-Chair of the St. Anthony Hospital ethics committee, where he helps to develop and review hospital policies and perform clinical ethics consultations. Dr. Onarecker and his wife Sarah live in Edmond, Oklahoma, where they spend much of their free time keeping up with six children and 12 grandchildren.



Brick Lantz, MD

Dr. Brick Lantz graduated from Stanford University with a degree in Human Biology in 1981, he followed that with medical school at the University of Oklahoma and orthopedic residency at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences. After residency, Dr. Lantz pursued two sports medicine fellowships -- the 1st at the Orthopedic & Fracture clinic with Slocum Center for Orthopedics and Sports Medicine in 1989 and a 2nd at the Australia Institute of Musculoskeletal Research, where he trained under one of the world's most foremost experts, Drs. Merv Cross & Leo Pinzceski. Locally, Lantz has been the Board President of the Slocum Research & Education Foundation for more than 20 years. Dr. Lantz is a dedicated humanitarian, coordinating or participating in trips to disaster zones and impoverished regions internationally to offer free surgical orthopedic care to those most in need, on nearly every continent. Dr. Lantz has been a surgeon at the Slocum Center for Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, since 1990, and is currently a senior partner with that Center. 



Eric F. Hussar, MD

Dr. Hussar is board certified in family medicine physician practicing in Marietta, Pennsylvania. He graduated from Temple University Lewis Katz School of Medicine in 2002 and completed a residency at Lancaster General Hospital. His practice was the recipient of the Patient-Centered Medical Home Recognition Program and Physician Practice Connections Recognition Program by the National Committee for Quality Assurance.



Tiffany Schatz, MD, FACS

Tiffany Schatz, MD, FACS, is board certified in thoracic and general surgery by the American Board of Surgery. She attended The Medical School for International Health at Ben-Gurion University in Beer Sheva, Israel, where she studied medicine and cross-cultural medical care, with an emphasis on international and resource poor settings. She completed residency in general surgery at Waterbury Hospital, affiliated with Yale University School of Medicine. She then trained in minimally invasive thoracic surgery, including robotic surgery, at Fox Chase Cancer Center, affiliated with Temple University. Dr. Schatz now runs a solo private practice focused on advanced minimally invasive approaches for general and thoracic surgery in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania area.


South Carolina

Richard S. McCain, MD

Richard S. McCain, MD, graduated with an undergraduate degree in biology in 1974 before receiving his medical degree from the Medical University of South Carolina in 1978. He completed an internship in internal medicine at Tulane Medical Center in New Orleans, Louisiana before completing a residency in orthopedic surgery in Charleston, South Carolina. He opened McCain Orthopaedic Center in 1986, where he still practices today. He is a member of multiple professional organizations including South Carolina Medical Association, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and American Medical Association.


South Carolina

Matthew D. Chetta, MD, FACS

Dr. Chetta is a board certified Plastic & Reconstructive Surgeon at the Ohio State University. He received his B.S. in Biology from Pensacola Christian College and his medical degree from the Medical College of Georgia. Having seen first-hand the healthcare disparities particularly in the arena of global surgery, he became interested in reconstructive surgery. He received his plastic surgery residency training at the University of Michigan and subspecialty fellowship training in reconstructive microsurgery at Stanford University. He has remained active in global surgery studying various educational implications as well as participating as visiting faculty and establishing training courses at several international training sites. He is currently pursuing advanced training in Bioethics from the Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity at Trinity University.


South Carolina


South Dakota

Mick Vanden Bosch, MD

Dr. Bosch has been practicing comprehensive ophthalmology for more than 25 years, initially in Iowa and then Sioux Falls, South Dakota for the last 15 years. Currently, he is an assistant clinical professor with the Sanford USD School of Medicine. Dr. Bosch received his BA in biology from Dordt College in Sioux Center, Iowa and then an MD from the University of Iowa College of Medicine. He completed his residency at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics in 1994 and has been certified by the American Board of Ophthalmology. For 15 years he has been going to the Dominican Republic to perform eye surgery.



Henry Williams, M.D., F.A.C.P., M.A. (ethics)

Henry Williams, M.D., F.A.C.P., M.A. (ethics) received his medical degree from Vanderbilt University Medical School and completed his residency in Internal Medicine at the University of Minnesota. He served as a general medical officer for the Indian Health Service, Navajo Reservation in Shiprock New Mexico. He has practiced general internal medicine at Chattanooga Internal Medicine Group from 1979 to the present time. He received a Masters in Bioethics from Trinity International University in 2005 and has taught bioethics in Minsk, Belarus. In addition, he has provided medical care in Zambia, Haiti (Children’s Nutrition Program of Haiti), Nicaragua, Honduras and Ethiopia. He is the Board Chair for the Tennessee Center for Bioethics and Culture where he has contributed a book review on the series of essays, Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing (Parens and Johnston, eds., 2019, Oxford University Press).



J. Michael Fite, MD

Dr. J. Michael Fite is an obstetrician/gynecologist and has delivered over 7,000 babies. He graduated from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston where he received the Titus Harris Medical Student Research Award. He completed his OB/Gyn residency at Tarrant County Hospital District, John Peter Smith and Harris Hospital where he was the Chief Resident. He is a fellow of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.



Linda Flower, MD

Linda W. Flower, M.D. has practiced Family Medicine for 28 years. She has trained residents in Family Medicine Residency Programs at Baylor College of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and UTMB Galveston (Conroe Family Practice Residency Program). She is currently serving at the TOMAGWA Ministries Medical Clinic which cares for low income patients in Tomball, Texas. She is chairwoman of the Executive Committee of Texas Physicians Resource Council and has been a member of the Christian Medical Association since 1973. She is a graduate of the University of Miami School of Medicine in Florida.



Matthew R. Porter, MD, FAAFP

Dr. Matt Porter is a graduate of the UT Health San Antonio Medical School (1993) and the University of Alabama (Tuscaloosa) Family Medicine Residency. Dr. Porter is board certified in family medicine and hospice/palliative care medicine and has practiced in Waco, Texas for 26 years. He has taught medical students and graduate physicians, and he currently serves as a clinical preceptor for physician assistant and nurse practitioner students. Internationally, he has served on numerous healthcare mission trips, disaster relief trips to Indonesia (tsunami) and Haiti (earthquake) and taught hospice to physicians in Macedonia. Dr. Porter is a fellow of the American Academy of Family Physicians. 



Brian Zehnder, MD

Brian Zehnder, MD, is a family physician from Magna, Utah, having served this community since 1992. Previous President of the Utah Academy of Family Physicians, he is the current Utah Director for the American Academy of Medical Ethics and Medical Director for Exodus Healthcare Network, whose mission is to encourage and give hope in the lives of others.



Thomas Eppes, Jr., MD

Thomas Walton Eppes, Jr., MD, is a native Virginian who graduated from William and Mary in 1974. He graduated from University of Virginia Medical School in 1978 and then joined a family practice in Forest, Virginia in 1981. He still continues to work at this practice today, which has grown to a group of nine physicians with three urgent care centers, a diagnostic center and an increasing affiliation with Liberty University’s College of Osteopathic Medicine. He was the founding physician of a local free clinic in the 1980s, in addition to serving as the team physician for the local high school. His practice also actively teaches medical students from three schools. He served as president of the Medical Society of Virginia in 2008-2009, and he is currently chair of the American Medical Association’s Integrated Physician Practice Section. 



Nathan Rowe, APRN, PMHNP-BC

Nathan Rowe, APRN, PMHNP-BC, is a board-certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner. He is also a board-certified emergency nurse who currently resides in southwest Virginia. Prior to working in psychiatry, Nathan worked for more than 10 years as a critical care paramedic in a high-volume EMS system in Charleston, West Virginia. Additionally, Nathan worked for 13 years in emergency and critical care as a registered nurse from small critical access hospitals to fast-paced high-volume level one trauma/stroke/cardiac centers in West Virginia, Virginia and Tennessee. Nathan’s experience in psychiatry consists of a busy regional 60+ bed inpatient acute and intensive psychiatric care hospital with additional consultation-liaison and on-call responsibilities for ER and acute care inpatient populations. He also has extensive outpatient experience with patients ranging from age five to end of life. Nathan has been an advocate for the ethical treatment of patients since he was diagnosed with cancer as a teen. Nathan and his wife Rebecca, who is a registered nurse, have an adult daughter who lives with her husband in West Virginia.



Anita Showalter, DO, FACOOG (Dist)

Dr. Showalter serves as the Associate Dean for Clinical Education and Associate Professor and Chief for Women’s Health at Pacific Northwest University of Health Sciences College of Osteopathic Medicine in Yakima, Washington. A graduate of Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine, she completed OB/GYN residency at Cuyahoga Falls Community Hospital, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. She was named a Distinguished Fellow by the American College of Osteopathic Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOOG) and has served on the Board of Trustees, numerous committees and currently serves on the Ad Hoc Task Force for Curriculum in Osteopathic Manipulation. She has been named ACOOG Mentor of the Year and Outstanding Osteopathic Mentor by Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine. She serves on the Board of Directors of the National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners, and Washington Osteopathic Medical Association CME Committee. Dr. Showalter has taken an interest in ethical issues facing the medical profession including physician-assisted suicide and physician’s right of conscience.


West Virginia



Matthew E. Ulven, MD, MPH, MDiv, FAAFP, HMDC

Dr. Ulven grew up on a farm near a small town in Northwest Iowa dreaming of becoming a physician for as long as he can remember. He accepted Jesus as his personal savior when he was nine and is amazed at where God continues to lead him. He did his undergraduate work at Morningside College, graduating in 1985, and medical school at the University of Iowa, graduating in 1989, which is where he had become active in the Christian Medical & Dental Associations. Since graduating from medical school, he has completed his family medicine residency training in the Air Force and served for an additional five years, during the last two of which he was involved in academic family medicine. He spent eight years doing academic medicine, during which time he completed a Master of Public Health degree. He left academic medicine about 14 years ago and has been practicing in the rural community of Traer, Iowa, where he serves as the medical director of a community nursing home and an associate medical director for Compassus Hospice. He began to feel a call to pastoral ministry and completed seminary education at Bethel Seminary in St. Paul, Minnesota with a Master of Divinity degree in 2018. He has assisted with ministry at his local church and providing pastoral support in other churches during their times of transition. While he continues to wait on where the Lord may lead, he strives to follow Him where he currently is.

Mobile: 319-215-2178




Dean Bartholomew, MD, FAAFP, is a board-certified family physician practicing in a direct primary care clinic in Powell, Wyoming. He attended medical school at the Creighton University School of Medicine and completed family medicine residency training at the University of Nebraska Medical Center/Offutt Air Force Base. After serving in the United States Air Force, he returned to his hometown of Saratoga, Wyoming, as owner/physician of a rural health clinic for eight years. Dr. Bartholomew is active in healthcare advocacy, recently having served as President of the Wyoming Medical Society and President of the Wyoming Academy of Family Physicians.