Our Board of Reference

Dr. Barrows is an obstetrician/gynecologist, author, educator, medical ethicist and speaker. He completed his medical degree at the Des Moines College of Osteopathic Medicine and Surgery in 1978 and his residency training in obstetrics and gynecology at Doctors Hospital in Columbus, Ohio. In 2006, he completed a master’s in bioethics from Trinity International University in Chicago, Illinois.

He has dedicated 15 years of his career to fighting against human trafficking within the intersection of trafficking and healthcare, as well as the rehabilitation of survivors of child sex trafficking. A strong proponent of education, Dr. Barrows has trained healthcare professionals on how to recognize and assist victims of trafficking within healthcare and has published numerous book chapters and articles including “Human Trafficking and the Healthcare Professional” published in the Southern Medical Journal. He has testified to the Ohio legislature on numerous anti-trafficking bills and is a speaker on human trafficking.

In 2008, Dr. Barrows founded Gracehaven, an organization assisting victims of domestic minor sex trafficking in Ohio through outreach, case management and residential rehabilitative care. In 2014, he served as a member of the Technical Working Group on health and human trafficking under the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Administration for Children and Families. He is a founding board member of HEALTrafficking, a united group of survivors and multidisciplinary professionals in 35 countries dedicated to ending human trafficking and supporting its survivors, from a public health perspective.

In 2020, Dr. Barrows published a novel entitled Finding Freedom that realistically portrays child sex trafficking in the U.S.

Margie Shealy is the Executive Vice President for the American Academy of Medical Ethics. She has developed grassroots campaigns in the states of California, Hawaii, Missouri, Vermont and Washington to stop physician-assisted suicide, cloning and embryonic stem cell research.

Prior to her tenure with the American Academy of Medical Ethics, she was employed by Wellmont Health System and earlier in her career by CBS-affiliate WJHL-TV.

She is a graduate of East Tennessee State University, where she received a bachelor's degree in mass communications and speech. In 2012, she was inducted into ETSU's Department of Communications Hall of Fame.

Arthur James Dyck, PhD, graduated with highest honors from Tabor College with a bachelor's degree in sociology. He then earned master's degrees in psychology and philosophy from the University of Kansas before completing his PhD in religious ethics from Harvard University. His thesis was titled, "A Gestalt Analysis of the Moral Data and Certain of Its Implications for Ethical Theory."

Dr. Dyck has enjoyed professorships of social ethics, philosophy and psychology at Harvard, the University of Saskatchewan and the University of Kansas. He has been the Mary B. Saltonstall Professor of Population Ethics at the Harvard School of Public Health since 1969, Co-Director of the Kennedy Interfaculty Program in Medical Ethics at Harvard since 1971 and a member of the Harvard Divinity School faculty since 1965. Author of four books and co-author one, Dr. Dyck is a member of the American Academy of Religion, the American Public Health Association, the Society of Christian Ethics and other organizations. He and his wife Sylvia have twin daughters, Sandra and Cynthia, and they live in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Matthew Eppinette, MBA, PhD


Matthew Eppinette, MBA, PhD, is Director of The Center for Bioethics & Human Dignity (CBHD). Dr. Eppinette has a decade and a half of experience in the field of bioethics, including serving CBHD previously, from 2002-2007.

He holds a PhD in Theology with concentrations in Christian Ethics and Theology & Culture from the Center for Advanced Theological Studies at Fuller Theological Seminary in Pasadena, California, where he also earned an MA in Theology. He is a 2004 graduate of the MA Bioethics program at Trinity International University, and he has an MBA with concentrations in Quantitative Analysis and Information Systems from Louisiana Tech University. His undergraduate degree is in Business Management and Administration from Louisiana State University Shreveport.

As an MBA student, Matthew worked on research in the areas of diffusion of innovation and expert systems. He then worked in information technology in the wholesale sporting goods and pharmaceutical industries before returning to graduate school to study bioethics.

In his first tenure at CBHD, he served in a variety of capacities including Director of Research & Analysis and Assistant Director. From CBHD, he joined Americans United for Life as Director of Communications. When he moved to California to attend Fuller, Matthew joined the Center for Bioethics and Culture (CBC) where he served as New Media Manager and Executive Director from 2009-2018.

During his time at the CBC, he co-wrote and co-produced six documentary films addressing bioethics issues. Three of the films were Official Film Festival Selections, and one was awarded Best Documentary at the California Independent Film Festival.

Dr. Eppinette’s current research interests include transhumanism, Alasdair MacIntyre’s ethics and epistemology, and the intersection of fiction, film, and other areas of culture, particularly popular culture, that raise or address bioethics issues.

John F. Kilner, PhD, is the President and CEO of The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity in Bannockburn, Illinois. Author of numerous articles in medical, public health, legal, religious and ethics journals, he has written or edited 15 recent books.

His interests have been shaped significantly by extended periods of study and research in inner-city Boston, Kenya and Switzerland. A frequent speaker and seminar leader, he most commonly addresses issues related to healthcare reform and resource allocation, age-based and other forms of rationing, treatment termination, physician-assisted suicide, euthanasia, human cloning, assisted reproduction, genetic intervention, stem cell research, ethical methodology, cultural values and social change.

Before joining The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity, Dr. Kilner was Senior Associate at The Park Ridge Center for the Study of Health, Faith and Ethics, as well as an adjunct faculty member at Northwestern University Medical School, both in Chicago. Prior to his move to the Chicago area, he was an associate professor of social and medical ethics at Asbury Theological Seminary, directed the ethics grand rounds program at the University of Kentucky Medical Center, taught medical ethics as an adjunct professor at the University of Kentucky and served as hospital ethicist for St. Joseph Hospital, Lexington, Kentucky. In addition to directing the Center, Dr. Kilner is Forman Chair of Ethics and Professor of Bioethics and Contemporary Culture at Trinity International University in Deerfield, Illinois.

After completing a BA degree (summa cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa) at Yale University, he earned an MDiv degree (summa cum laude, valedictorian) from Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary. He also holds an AM and a PhD "With Distinction" in religious ethics, with an emphasis in bioethics, from Harvard University. While there, he received the Newcombe, Danforth, Eisenhower, DeKarman, Roothbert, Merit, Howe and Sheldon awards.

Dr. Orr received his MD, CM, from McGill University in 1966, did residency training in family medicine and then engaged in the private practice of family medicine in Brattleboro, Vermont, for 18 years. He was named Vermont Family Doctor of the Year in 1989. A growing interest and involvement in medical ethics led him to pursue a postdoctoral fellowship at the Center for Clinical Medical Ethics at the University of Chicago (1989-1990). From 1990-2000, he was the Director of Clinical Ethics and Professor of Family Medicine at Loma Linda University in Southern California. He was honored by the AMA in 1999 when they gave him the Isaac Hays & John Bell Award for Leadership in Medical Ethics and Professionalism.

In 2000, he returned to Vermont as Director of Ethics at Fletcher Allen Health Care and the University of Vermont College of Medicine where he continues to provide bedside ethics consultations and teach.

Dr. Orr has co-authored two books, co-edited two others, contributed nine book chapters and written more than 100 articles related to clinical ethics, the ethics consultation process and issues in terminal care. He has lectured on these topics regionally, nationally and internationally. He chaired the Council on Ethical Affairs for the California Medical Association, and was Vice President of the American Society for Bioethics and the Humanities. He has served on the Ethics Commission of the Christian Medical & Dental Associations and served as chairman of that commission from 1991-1994.

John J. Paris graduated from Boston College with a bachelor's degree in history, then continued at Harvard University where he earned an AM in government/education. He also earned a PhL in philosophy from Weston College, a master's degree in theology from Boston College and a master's and PhD in social ethics from the University of Southern California. He has enjoyed fellowships with Harvard University, Yale University, Princeton University, University of Southern California, University of California, Holy Cross College and Georgetown University.

Paris was a consultant for the President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research in 1982-83 and served on the advisory panel on "Issues in Technology and Aging" for the U.S. Congress Office of Technology Assessment from 1985-87. He was a consultant for the U.S. Senate Committee on Aging from 1986-88, served on the LORAN Commission, Harvard Community Health Plan, 1985-88, and also as a consultant for the Harvard Community Health Plan from 1988-90. Paris has authored approximately 145 publications, participated in 74 court hearings and been involved with 57 legal consultations. He is currently the Michael P. Walsh Professor of Bioethics at Boston College, and Clinical Professor of Family Medicine and Community Health at Tufts University School of Medicine.

Becky Pentz is Professor of Hematology and Oncology in Research Ethics at Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia. She does empirical ethics research on such issues as informed consent, phase 1 research (first use of a drug in humans) and genetic confidentiality, as well as helping researchers with their protocols to make them ethically sound and consulting with researchers to address ethical concerns. In 2000, she moved to Atlanta from Houston where she was the Clinical Ethicist at MD Anderson Cancer Center for a decade. As Clinical Ethicist, she worked closely with patients and families, offering help for those struggling with end of life issues.

Pentz has many national commitments. She is on the St. Jude Data Monitoring Committee as well as several international DSMBs. She is on the Children’s Oncology Group’s ethics committee as well as the Centers for Disease Control IRB.  She often participates in the National Academies of Science Workshops on current issues in research.  Becky’s husband Vic is the retired pastor of Peachtree Presbyterian Church in Atlanta.

Dr. Tatiana Santos was raised in Florida and earned her B.S. from Florida International University. She then went on to complete medical school at the University of Silesia School of Medicine, where she co-founded the 6th Chapter of the Student Government Association. Dr. Santos is currently working on the completion of a Master’s Degree in Healthcare Administration from Purdue University. She has served on the Health Impact Council for the United Way Worldwide and Advisory Board for Best Buddies International. Her interest in medical ethics began in her previous career as a trial paralegal for medical malpractice cases, and from her involvement with the American Medical Association on the ongoing issue of physician-assisted suicide. She has extensive knowledge on end of life decisions from her participation in advance directive preparations at the University of Florida. Dr. Santos is fluent in Portuguese and Spanish.

Dr. Sulmasy, a Franciscan Friar, holds the Sisters of Charity Chair in Ethics at St. Vincent’s Hospital—Manhattan, and he serves as Professor of Medicine and Director of the Bioethics Institute of New York Medical College. He received his AB and MD degrees from Cornell University and completed his residency, chief residency and post-doctoral fellowship in General Internal Medicine at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. He received his PhD in philosophy from Georgetown University in 1995, where he served as Director of the Center for Clinical Bioethics and Senior Research Scholar of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics.

Dr. Sulmasy is a Fellow of the Hastings Center and member of the Board of Advisors of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. He is the author of a book on spirituality for healthcare professionals, entitled The Healer’s Calling, and is co-editor of the text Methods in Medical Ethics. He serves as editor-in-chief of the journal Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics. His numerous articles have appeared in medical, philosophica, and theological journals, and he has lectured widely both in the U.S. and abroad.

Carol Taylor, PhD, RN, FAAN is a senior clinical scholar in the Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown University and a Professor of Medicine and Nursing. Experienced in caring for patients who are chronically and critically ill and their families, Carol chose doctoral work in philosophy with a concentration in bioethics because of a passion to “make health care work” for those who need it.


At Georgetown Carol was a founding member and previous director of the Pellegrino Center for Clinical Bioethics. Her research interests include clinical and professional ethics, and organizational integrity. 


Carol has a PhD in Philosophy with a concentration in bioethics from Georgetown University and a Master's Degree in Medical-Surgical Nursing from Catholic University; She now works closely with health care professionals and leaders who are exploring the ethical dimensions of their practice.  She lectures internationally and writes on various issues in healthcare ethics and serves as an ethics consultant to systems and professional organizations.  She has served as an ethics consultant to Hospice of the Valley, the largest not for profit hospice in the U.S., for over ten years and served on the Bon Secours Health System Corporate Board and Ethics Advisory Board. She was also on the Board of Directors for the American Society of Bioethics and Humanities. She is a co-author of Wolters Kluwer’s Fundamentals of Nursing: The Art and Science of Person-Centered Nursing Care, which is now in its 9th edition and co-editor of Health and Human Flourishing:  Religion, Medicine and Moral Anthropology and the 4th edition of Case Studies in Nursing Ethics.

Gerald Winslow is Professor of Christian Ethics at Loma Linda University. He is also Vice President for Spiritual Life of Loma Linda University Adventist Health Sciences Center.

He received his undergraduate education at Walla Walla College and his master's degree at Andrews University. He earned his doctorate from the Graduate Theological Union in Berkeley. For the last 30 years, he has specialized in teaching and writing about ethics, especially biomedical ethics. His books include Triage and Justice, published by the University of California Press, and Facing Limits from Westview Press. His articles have appeared in academic journals such as the Western Journal of Medicine, the Journal of Pediatrics, The Hastings Center Report, the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, and General Dentistry. He has presented lectures and seminars at universities and for professional groups throughout North America and in Australia and Europe, and he currently serves as an ethics consultant to a variety of organizations, including Blue Shield of California, Roche Pharmaceuticals and Eli Lilly. He is a founding member of the California Technology Assessment Forum, a public forum for the evaluation of new healthcare technologies.

Professor Winslow is married to Dr. Betty Wehtje Winslow, who teaches community health nursing at Loma Linda University. The Winslows have two daughters: Lisa, who is a computer software engineer, and Angela, who is an occupational therapist.

The American Academy of Medical Ethics promotes the interests of medical educators, medical practitioners and scientists, the care and well-being of patients, the protection of public health, and the betterment of the medical profession, as well as protects and promotes the historical values that have provided the longstanding foundation for Western healthcare. We foresee the standard of healthcare in North American once again defined by the Hippocratic tradition.

We would love for you to join us in our efforts to promote ethical healthcare.

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